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Table 6 Odds ratios (and 95 % CI) of clinically significant depressive symptoms (CES-D ≥ 22) by the number of stressful life events according to LESS scale after adjusting for all sociodemographic factors as estimated in multivariable logistic regression models

From: The association between stressful life events and depressive symptoms among Cypriot university students: a cross-sectional descriptive correlational study

Number of events in Less scale     Unadjusted     Adjusted†
  OR (95%CI) P value   OR (95 % CI) P value  
Number of events     
0 1 ----------- 1 -----------
1-3 1.01 (0.37-2.14) 0.804 0.80 (0.33-1.93) 0.617
4-7 1.21 (0.52-2.83) 0.653 1.09 (0.46-2.56) 0.848
8-11 2.10 (0.88-4.10) 0.093 1.85 (0.77-4.43) 0.168
12-21 3.13 (1.23-7.98) 0.017 2.64 (1.02-6.83) 0.045
Age     
17-20 1 ----------- 1 -----------
21-40 1.04 (0.81-1.31) 0.773 1.18 (0.83-1.66) 0.345
Gender     
Male 1 ----------- 1 -----------
Female 1.28 (0.99-1.67) 0.050 1.52 (1.12-2.05) 0.007
Place of residence     
Metropolitan areas 1 ----------- 1 -----------
Suburban or rural areas 1.18 (0.94-1.50) 0.154 1.22 (0.96-1.56) 0.100
Ethnicity     
Cypriot 1 ----------- 1 ----------
Greek/Other 1.32 (0.82-2.13) 0.253 1.15 (0.70-1.90) 0.574
Family status     
Single/divorce 1 ----------- 1 ----------
Married/living with partner 1.28 (0.77-1.90) 0.072 0.96 (0.58-1.60) 0.897
Employment     
Yes 1 ----------- 1 ----------
No 1.63 (0.90-1.47) <0.001 1.33 (1.00-1.59) 0.049
Academic year of study     
First 1 ----------- 1 -----------
Second 1.37 (1.01-1.86) 0.041 1.30 (0.94-1.78) 0.120
Third 1.09 (0.79-1.51) 0.590 0.93 (0.64-1.34) 0.687
Fourth 1.14 (0.80-1.63) 0.474 0.94 (0.58-1.55) 0.807
Faculty     
Geotechnical sciences and 1 ----------- 1 -----------
Environmental management Management and Economics 1.52 (0.92-2.50) 0.102 1.07 (0.70-1.65) 0.742
Applied Arts and Communication 1.46 (0.90-2.34) 0.122 1.53 (1.03-2.29) 0.036
Engineering and Technology 1.70 (0.90-2.67) 0.020 1.52 (1.06-2.19) 0.021
Health Sciences 1.01 (0.67-1.54) 0.947 1.89 (0.37-2.61) <0.001
  1. Adjusted for age, gender, ethnicity, place of residence, family status, employment status, year of study, faculty.
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