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Table 2 Factors related to HIV/gonorrhoea co-infection

From: Gonorrhoea diagnoses in a network of STI clinics in Spain during the period 2006–2010: differences by sex and transmission route

Variables HIV/gonorrhoea co-infection
  AOR 95% CI
Age group (years) (25–34 years)   
 <25 0.8 0.5-1.2
 35-44 1.9 1.3-2.6
 ≥ 45 1.9 1.1-3.2
Educational level (Secondary/University education)   
 Illiteracy/Primary education 1.6 1.0-2.4
 Unknown 1.2 0.8-1.7
Region of birth (Spain)   
 Western Europe 2.1 1.2-3.7
 Central/Eastern Europe 1.5 0.6-3.8
 Latin America 2.0 1.4-2.9
 Africa 1.3 0.5-3.5
 Other/Unknown 0.6 0.1-2.3
Sex/Transmission category (MSW)   
 MSM 6.3 3.5-11.4
 Female 0.2 0.1-0.8
Previous STI (No)   
 Yes 3.1 2.1-4.5
Concurrent STI (No)   
 Yes 1.6 1.2-2.2
Probable source of gonorrhoea infection (Steady partner)   
 Casual partner (solely) 1.0 0.6-1.6
  Steady and casual partner 0.8 0.5-1.5
  Being a sex worker 2.0 0.8-4.7
  Client of sex worker 0.5 0.1-1.7
HIV status of sex partner (HIV negative/Unknown)   
  HIV diagnosed 5.9 2.8-12.4
Year of diagnosis (2006)   
  2007 1.0 0.6-1.8
  2008 1.3 0.7-2.2
  2009 0.9 0.5-1.4
  2010 1.7 1.1-2.8
  1. Reference categories in parentheses.
  2. Multivariate logistic regression analysis.
  3. AOR: Adjusted Odds ratio; CI: confidence interval; MSM: Men who have sex with men; MSW: men who have sex exclusively with women.