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Table 1 Characteristics of gonorrhoea cases, by sex and transmission route

From: Gonorrhoea diagnoses in a network of STI clinics in Spain during the period 2006–2010: differences by sex and transmission route

  Female (n = 318) Men who have sex exclusively with women (MSW) (n = 747) Men who have sex with men (MSM) (n = 1320) Total (n = 2385)
  n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%)
Age group (years)         
 <20 28 (8.8) 49 (6.6) 41 (3.1) 118 (4.9)
 20-24 92 (28.9) 135 (18.1) 253 (19.2) 480 (20.1)
 25-34 130 (40.9) 341 (45.6) 612 (46.4) 1083 (45.4)
 35-44 43 (13.5) 146 (19.5) 319 (24.2) 508 (21.3)
 ≥ 45 24 (7.5) 70 (9.4) 93 (7.0) 187 (7.8)
 Unknown 1 (0.3) 6 (0.8) 2 (0.2) 9 (0.4)
Educational level completed         
 Illiteracy 5 (1.6) 15 (2.0) 5 (0.4) 25 (1.0)
 Primary education 83 (26.1) 214 (28.7) 149 (11.3) 446 (18.7)
 Secondary education 83 (26.1) 195 (26.1) 360 (27.3) 638 (26.8)
 University education 36 (11.3) 86 (11.5) 434 (32.9) 556 (23.3)
 Unknown 111 (34.9) 237 (31.7) 372 (28.2) 720 (30.2)
Region of birth         
 Spain 134 (42.1) 513 (68.7) 950 (72.0) 1597 (67.0)
 Western Europe 5 (1.6) 14 (1.9) 93 (7.0) 112 (4.7)
 Central/Eastern Europe 32 (10.1) 41 (5.5) 23 (1.7) 96 (4.0)
 Latin America 127 (39.9) 83 (11.1) 209 (15.8) 419 (17.6)
 North Africa 5 (1.6) 51 (6.8) 16 (1.2) 72 (3.0)
 Sub-Saharan Africa 10 (3.1) 23 (3.1) 2 (0.2) 35 (1.5)
 Other/Unknown 5 (1.6) 22 (2.9) 27 (2.0) 54 (2.3)
Previous STI (other than HIV) 59 (18.6) 169 (22.6) 640 (48.5) 868 (36.4)
HIV diagnosed* 3 (1.0) 15 (2.3) 249 (20.9) 267 (12.4)
Concurrent STI (other than HIV) 95 (29.9) 138 (18.5) 326 (24.7) 559 (23.4)
 One 87 (27.4) 126 (16.9) 293 (22.2) 506 (21.2)
 More than one 8 (2.5) 12 (1.6) 33 (2.5) 53 (2.2)
Reason for attending the clinic         
 Symptoms 65 (20.4) 666 (89.2) 957 (72.5) 1688 (70.8)
 Screening 92 (28.9) 15 (2.0) 132 (10.0) 239 (10.0)
 Partner notification 113 (35.5) 11 (1.5) 118 (8.9) 242 (10.1)
 Unknown 48 (15.1) 55 (7.4) 113 (8.6) 216 (9.1)
Anatomical location         
 Urethra 3 (0.9) 694 (92.9) 769 (58.3) 1466 (61.5)
 Rectum 10 (3.1) 0 (0.0) 278 (21.1) 288 (12.1)
 Pharynx 94 (29.6) 7 (0.9) 68 (5.2) 169 (7.1)
 Cervix 145 (45.6) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 145 (6.1)
 Multiple anatomical sites 43 (13.5) 9 (1.2) 89 (6.7) 141 (5.9)
 Other/ Unknown 23 (6.9) 37 (5.0) 116 (8.8) 176 (7.3)
Probable source of infection         
 Steady partner (solely) 100 (31.4) 95 (12.7) 163 (12.3) 358 (15.0)
 Casual partner (solely) 34 (10.7) 305 (40.8) 651 (49.3) 990 (41.5)
 Steady and casual partner 31 (9.7) 94 (12.6) 193 (14.6) 318 (13.3)
 Being a sex worker 130 (40.9) 10 (1.3) 31 (2.3) 171 (7.2)
 Client of sex worker 2 (0.6) 175 (23.4) 10 (0.8) 187 (7.8)
 Unknown 21 (6.6) 68 (9.1) 272 (20.6) 361 (15.1)
  1. MSM: Men who have sex with men; MSW: men who have sex exclusively with women.
  2. *128 cases among MSM, 94 among MSW and 13 among females were excluded from the denominator because their HIV status was unknown.