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Table 4 Lifestyle characteristics and behaviours for individuals living with and without diabetes by gender

From: Exploring differences in Canadian adult men and women with Diabetes management: results from the Canadian Community Health Survey

   Individuals without diabetes Individuals with diabetes
   Men
Mean (95% CI)
Women
Mean (95% CI)
Men
Mean (95% CI)
Women
Mean (95% CI)
Requires assistance when preparing meals         
  Yes   (1.4–1.8) 2.5 (2.3–2.7)* 6.0 (4.0–7.9) 9.2 (7.7–10.7)
  No 98.4 (98.2–98.6) 97.5 (97.3–97.7)* 94.0 (92.1–96.0) 90.8 (89.3–92.3)
Participation and activity limitation^         
  Sometimes or often 27.5 (26.9–28.2) 30.9 (30.3–31.5)* 50.2 (47.6–52.9) 58.3 (55.8–60.9)*
  Never 72.5 (71.9–73.1) 69.1 (68.5–69.7)* 49.8 (47.2–52.4) 41.7 (39.1–44.3)*
Working status for the past week         
  Had a job, was present last week 74.6 (74.0–75.3) 61.3 (60.6–62.0)* 48.1 (45.1–51.1) 35.2 (32.1–38.4)*
  Had a job, was absent last week 4.6 (4.3–4.9) 6.3 (6.0–6.7)* 4.4 (3.3–5.5) 3.6 (2.5–4.6) §
  Did not have a job last week 18.8 (18.2–19.3) 30.1 (29.5–30.7)* 38.2 (35.0–41.4) 51.1 (48.0–54.2)*
  Permanently unable to find work 2.0 (1.8–2.2) 2.3 (2.1–2.5) 9.4 (7.4–11.3) 10.1 (8.5–11.7)
Chooses to avoid foods because concerned about weight||         
  Yes or sometimes 43.7 (42.5–44.9) 59.8 (58.6–61.0)* 60.1 (55.8–64.5) 65.9 (61.4–70.3)
  No 56.3 (55.1–57.5) 40.2 (39.0–41.4)* 39.9 (35.5–44.2) 34.2 (29.7–38.6)
Chooses to avoid foods because concerned about heart disease||         
  Yes or sometimes 38.3 (37.0–39.6) 47.3 (46.1–48.4)* 47.1 (42.4–51.8) 54.4 (50.0–58.8)
  No 61.7 (60.4–63.0) 52.7 (51.6–53.9)* 52.9 (48.2–48.2) 45.6 (41.2–50.1)
Chooses to avoid foods because concerned about fat content||         
  Yes or sometimes 62.5 (61.2–63.7) 76.7 (75.7–77.7)* 72.7 (68.3–77.0) 82.6 (79.0–86.1)*
  No 37.5 (36.3–38.8) 23.3 (22.3–24.3)* 27.4 (23.0–31.7) 17.4 (13.9–21.0)*
Chooses to avoid foods because concerned about cholesterol content||         
  Yes or sometimes 46.3 (45.0–47.6) 52.4 (51.2–53.5)* 65.4 (61.0–69.9) 66.5 (31.8–71.2)
  No 53.7 (52.4–55.0) 47.7 (46.5–48.8)* 34.6 (30.1–39.0) 33.5 (28.9–38.2)
Chooses to avoid foods because concerned about caloric content||         
  Yes or sometimes 41.9 (40.5–43.2) 61.6 (60.5–62.8)* 58.1 (53.5–62.7) 70.9 (67.0–74.8)*
  No 58.1 (56.8–59.5) 38.4 (37.2–39.5)* 41.9 (37.3–46.5) 29.1 (25.2–33.0)*
  1. *Estimates between men and women with and without diabetes are significantly different, based on non-overlapping 95% confidence intervals (CIs).
  2. §This estimate is considered to be of marginal quality because of the high sampling variability associated with it.
  3. ||These variables were only asked of respondents residing in Prince Edward Island, Manitoba, Alberta, British Columbia, and the North West Territories.
  4. ^Variable was derived from questions asking if the respondent had difficulty hearing, seeing, communicating, walking, climbing stairs, bending, leaning, or if they experience a long-term physical or mental condition or health problem that reduces the amount or the kind of activity.