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Table 3 Sample description and comparison between CSOs and non-CSOS for men and women

From: The concerned significant others of people with gambling problems in a national representative sample in Sweden – a 1 year follow-up study

   Men Women OR (95% CI)a
   Not CSO% (n) CSO% (n) Not CSO% (n) CSO% (n) Men Women
Age   *** *** ***
  16–17 3.6 (115) 2.7 (21) 3.1 (103) 3.0 (21) 2.2 (1.3–3.8)** 2.4 (1.4–4.1)**
  18–24 10.6 (335) 17.5 (136) 8.9 (292) 14.4 (100) 4.9 (3.5–6.9*** 4.0 (2.8–5.6)***
  25–44 30.0 (946) 45.7 (356) 30.5 (999) 46.4 (322) 4.5 (3.4–6.1)*** 3.7 (2.8–5.0)
  45–64 34.5 (1091) 27.0 (210) 34.9 (1141) 26.9 (187) 2.3 (1.7–3.2)*** 1.9 (1.4–2.6)***
  65–74 21.2 (671) 7.2 (56) 22.5 (737) 1.6 (64) 1.0 1.0
Education   ** ***   
  Low level 28.0 (809) 27.0 (204) 25.2 (756) 17.9 (121) 1.2 (1.0–1.5)ns 0.8 (0.6–1.0)ns
  Mid level 44.4 (1284) 51.1 (386) 42.0 (1258) 52.6 (356) 1.4 (1.2–1.8)*** 1.4 (1.2–1.7)**
  High level 27.6 (799) 21.9 (165) 32.8 (984) 29.5 (200) 1.0 1.0
Country of birth   *** ns (0.05) *** ns
  Born outside Sweden 11.2 (353) 20.1 (156) 15.5 (507) 18.4 (128) 2.0 (1.6–2.4)*** 1.2 (1.0–1.5)ns
Family situation   *** *** Controlled for age  
  Single without children 34.1 (1078) 39.7 (309) 31.6 (1034) 32.8 (228) 1.0 1.0
  Single with children 1.7 (65) 2.6 (20) 5.1 (168) 11.1 (77) 1.4 (0.8–2.4)ns 2.6 (1.9–3.5)***
  Married/living with partner without children 40.3 (1273) 27.8 (216) 36.0 (1176) 25.5 (177) 0.9 (0.7–1.1)ns 0.9 (0.7–1.1)
  Married/living together with children 18.8 (741) 29.9 (233) 27.3 (893) 30.6 (213) 1.4 (1.1–1.7)** 1.2 (1.0–1.5)ns
Living on social welfare   ** **   
  3.1 (93) 5.7 (43) 3.7 (115) 6.4 (43) 1.9 (1.3–2.8)** 1.8 (1.3–2.6)**
Have lent money to someone they thought or knew would use it to gamble or pay gambling debts   *** ***   
6.3 (199) 25.4 (195) 1.4 (47) 13.1 (90)*** 5.0 (4.1–6.3)*** 10.3 (7.2–14.9)***
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001.
  2. aFamily situation was controlled for age in the logistic regression.