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Table 4 Mean and 95% confidence intervals (CI 95%) § of neighborhood perceived problems scales, by individual and census tract level variables

From: Perceived neighborhood problems: multilevel analysis to evaluate psychometric properties in a Southern adult Brazilian population

Variables Sum of all problems (both scales) Neighborhood physical problem Neighborhood social disorder
Individual level (n = 1,720)    
Demographic Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI) Mean (95% CI)
Gender    
 Male 10.47 (9.79, 11.14) 6.03 (5.58, 6.48) 4.46 (4.10, 4.82)
 Female 10.89 (10.19, 11.58) 6.23 (5.76, 6.70) 4.65 (4.28, 5.03)
Race/Skin Color    
 White 10.65 (10.00, 11,31) 6.09 (5.64, 6.54) 4.57 (4.21, 4.93)
 Brown 10.47 (8.86, 12.08) 6.24 (5.29, 7.18) 4.23 (3.42, 5.05)
 Black 12.07 (9.58, 14.57) 7.02 (5.52, 8.52) 5.01 (3.84, 6.18)
Age categories (years)    
 20-29 10.78 (10.03, 11,53) 6.27 (5.73, 6,81) 4.51 (4.11, 4.91)
 30-39 11.49 (10.58, 12,40) 6.61 (6.04, 7.19) 4.85 (4.39, 5.30)
 40-49 10.72 (9.86, 11.58) 6.12 (5.63, 6.61) 4.64 (4.10, 5.18)
 50-59 9.59 (8.80, 10.38)* 5.38 (4.87, 5.89)* 4.23 (3.77, 4.70)*
Length of neighborhood residence (years)   
 0-5 10.22 (9.46, 10.98) 6.16 (5.65, 6.66) 4.07 (3.65, 4.49)
 5.01-16.5 11.19 (10.41, 11.97)* 6.21 (5.74, 6.69) 4.98 (4.53, 5.43)*
 16.51-59 10.80 (9.56, 11.64) 6.05 (5.48, 6.62) 4.77 (4.34, 5.19)
Socioeconomic    
Family per capita income (R$)    
 Lower 10.81 (9.74, 11.87) 6.17 (5.48, 6.86) 4.62 (4.08, 5.17)
 Intermediate 11.15 (10.38, 11.91) 6.37 (5.87, 6.87) 4.77 (4.35, 5.18)**
 Higher 10.16 (9.48, 10.85) 5.88 (5.36, 6.40) 4.33 (3.90, 4.77)*
Educational attainment    
 0-4y 10.37 (8.79, 11.94) 5.94 (4.99, 6.90) 4.44 (3.65, 5.22)
 5-8y 10.94 (9.76, 12.12) 6.20 (5.53, 6.88) 4.67 (3.98, 5.37)
 9-11y 10.50 (9.53, 11.48) 5.92 (5.30, 6.54) 4.60 (4.14, 5.06)
 12y and more 10.84 (10.17, 11.50) 6.33 (5.85, 6.80) 4.53 (4.12, 4.95)
Occupational status    
 Non manual 10.70 (10.07, 11.32) 6.13 (5.59, 6.56) 4.58 (4.21, 4.95)
 Manual 10.83 (9.82, 11.83) 6.20 (5.54, 6.86) 4.62 (4.11, 5.12)
 Others 10.26 (8.79, 11.73) 6.01 (5.02, 7.00) 4.25 (3.65, 4.85)
Census tract level (n = 63)    
Income    
 Lower 11.05 (9.83, 12.26) 6.38 (5.55, 7.21) 4.65 (4.06, 5.25)
 Intermediate 11.27 (10.19, 12.36) 6.51 (5.91, 7.11) 4.78 (4.19, 5.37)
 Higher 9.67 (8.83, 10.51) 5.46 (4.73, 6.19) 4.23 (3.63, 4.82)
  1. Florianopolis, Brazil, 2009.
  2. *p 0.05 to 0.001 **p <0.001; § = All analyses were adjusted for complex sample (design effect and weights).