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Table 3 Unstandardized regression coefficients 1 from OLS regression predicting CESD 2 using personality-related characteristics (n = 3,105)

From: Interpersonal discrimination and depressive symptomatology: examination of several personality-related characteristics as potential confounders in a racial/ethnic heterogeneous adult sample

Measures α paths]
Disc < = Conf.
β paths
Conf. = > CESD
α paths x β paths
Indirect effect
  Sobel test statistic and SE for indirect effect Proportion confounded
Hostility −0.1537** −0.1072** 0.0165   −4.72, 0.004** 0.0871
Anger-in −0.0985** −0.1098** 0.0108   −3.78, 0.003** 0.0572
Anger-out −0.1314** −0.0226 0.0030   −1.28, 0.002 0.0157
Pessimism −0.1081** −0.0746** 0.0081   −3.56, 0.002** 0.0426
Optimism −0.0701** −0.0393* 0.0028   −1.96, 0.001~ 0.0146
Self-esteem −0.1121** −0.2722** 0.0305   −5.48, 0.006** 0.1613
   Total indirect effect   0.0716  
   Direct effect   0.1176  
   Total effect   0.1892  
   Total proportion confounded   0.3784  
  1. 1Controlling for age, sex, income, education, race/ethnicity, employment status, marital status, US nativity status, chronic illness and experiences of stressful life events.
  2. 2Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CESD).
  3. Abbreviations: Disc Average Daily Discrimination, Conf. Confounding variable.
  4. ~p < 0.06, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.001.