Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Bivariate associations between participant characteristics and self-rated health and quality of life status in the 45 and Up Study baseline sample (N =194,545)

From: Active lifestyles related to excellent self-rated health and quality of life: cross sectional findings from 194,545 participants in The 45 and Up Study

   Excellent health Excellent quality of life
  N % OR* (95% CI) OR* (95% CI)
Sex
  Male† 95,242 48.4 1.00 1.00
  Female 100,293 51.6 1.38 (1.34—1.41) 1.31 (1.28—1.33)
Sitting time per day (hours)     
  ≥8† 50,402 25.9 1.00 1.00
  6 to <8 38,806 19.9 0.99 (0.95—1.02) 1.03 (0.99—1.06)
  4 to <6 55,435 28.5 1.01 (0.97—1.04) 1.05 (1.02—1.08)
  0 to <4 49,902 25.7 1.23 (1.19—1.27) 1.18 (1.15—1.22)
Physical activity per week (minutes)
  0† 7,624 3.9 1.00 1.00
  1 to 149 30,086 15.5 1.60 (1.44—1.77) 1.75 (1.61—1.90)
  150 to 299 30,524 15.7 2.52 (2.27—2.79) 2.65 (2.44—2.87)
  300 to 539 41,413 21.3 3.45 (3.12—3.82) 3.34 (3.09—3.61)
  ≥540 84,898 43.6 4.48 (4.06—4.95) 4.05 (3.75—4.38)
Age group (years)
  45 to 54† 62,038 31.933.8 1.00 1.00
  55 to 64 65,796 33.8 0.84 (0.82—0.86) 0.94 (0.92—0.97)
  65 to 74 40,444 20.8 0.58 (0.56—0.60) 0.69 (0.67—0.71)
  75 to 84 22,037 11.3 0.32 (0.30—0.33) 0.37 (0.35—0.39)
  85 and older 4,230 2.2 0.20 (0.17—0.23) 0.21 (0.19—0.23)
Household income   
  less than $10 K† 9,699 5.0 1.00 1.00
  $10 to <30 K 45,958 23.6 1.18 (1.09—1.28) 1.33 (1.25—1.43)
  $30 to <50 K# 62,408 32.1 2.09 (1.94—2.26) 2.38 (2.23—2.53)
  $50 to <70 K 22,037 11.7 2.59 (2.38—2.80) 2.93 (2.74—3.14)
  $70 K or more 53,803 27.7 3.83 (3.55—4.14) 4.37 (4.09—4.66)
Residential remoteness
  Major city† 88,446 45.5 1.00 1.00
  Inner regional area 68,785 35.4 0.92 (0.89—0.94) 1.02 (1.00—1.04)
  Outer regional area 33,743 17.3 0.86 (0.83—0.89) 0.98 (0.95—1.01)
  Remote area 3,259 1.7 0.72 (0.65—0.80) 0.88 (0.81—0.96)
  Very remote area 312 0.2 0.67 (0.48—0.94) 0.96 (0.74—1.25)
Residential economic advantage
  Least advantaged† 48,713 25.0 1.00 1.00
  Mid—low advantage 45,756 23.5 1.11 (1.07—1.15) 1.07 (1.04—1.10)
  Mid—high advantage 48,894 25.1 1.25 (1.20—1.29) 1.15 (1.12—1.18)
  Most advantaged 51,182 26.3 1.68 (1.62—1.74) 1.47 (1.43—1.51)
Educational qualification
  No school certificate† 18,646 9.6 1.00 1.00
  School certificate 40,685 20.9 1.59 (1.49—1.68) 1.57 (1.50—1.65)
  High school certificate 19,588 10.1 2.01 (1.88—2.14) 1.92 (1.82—2.03)
  Trade/apprenticeship 21,426 11.0 1.44 (1.34—1.53) 1.50 (1.42—1.58)
  Certificate/diploma 43,251 22.2 2.20 (2.08—2.33) 2.22 (2.12—2.33)
  University degree 50,949 26.2 3.34 (3.16—3.53) 3.29 (3.14—3.44)
Smoking status
  Never regular smoker† 110,119 56.6 1.00 1.00
  Ever regular smoker 84,426 43.4 0.67 (0.65—0.68) 0.72 (0.71—0.74)
Weight status
  Underweight 2,404 1.2 0.65 (0.58—0.72) 0.59 (0.53—0.65)
  Normal weight† 71,499 36.8 1.00 1.00
  Overweight 77,684 39.9 0.59 (0.57—0.60) 0.76 (0.74—0.78)
  Obese 42,958 22.1 0.24 (0.23—0.25) 0.46 (0.45—0.48)
Chronic diseases
  None† 71,221 36.6 1.00 1.00
  One 67,886 34.9 0.59 (0.57—0.60) 0.75 (0.73—0.76)
  Two or more 55,438 28.5 0.23 (0.22—0.24) 0.43 (0.42—0.44)
Functional limitation
  No limitation† 66,747 34.3 1.00 1.00
  Minor limitation 34,012 17.5 0.40 (0.38—0.41) 0.64 (0.62—0.65)
  Moderate limitation 36,819 18.9 0.20 (0.19—0.20) 0.39 (0.38—0.40)
  Severe limitation 56,967 29.3 0.05 (0.05—0.06) 0.12 (0.11—0.12)
Marital status
  Not married, divorced, separated † 45,492 23.4 1.00 1.00
  Married, de facto 149,053 76.6 1.33 (1.29—1.37) 1.82 (1.77—1.86)
  1. †Reference category; *Unadjusted odds ratio; #includes those selecting “prefer not to answer”.