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Table 4 End-of-life treatment characteristics by educational attainment, non-sudden deaths*

From: Is educational attainment related to end-of-life decision-making? A large post-mortem survey in Belgium

  Educational attainment     
  None/ Lower Higher   Multivariate  
  primary secondary secondary/ OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) p-value
    higher χ2 lower secondary higher (secondary)  
  n = 877 n = 530 n = 544 p-value vs. none/primary vs.none/primary  
Palliative care goal in last week** 72.9 77.6 72.1 .168 1.18 (0.86-1.61) 0.84 (0.61-1.16) .167
Opioids administered in last 24 hours 57.3 66.7 66.0 <.001 1.42 (1.10-1.84) 1.49 (1.13-1.96) .005
  1. *Figures are percentages adjusted for age and sex, expressed to all non-sudden deaths, and weighted for representativeness.
  2. **as opposed to life prolongation or curation.
  3. The p-values in italic indicate significant differences between educational level groups (p < .05, no Bonferoni correction). Variables entered in multivariate logistic regression model: educational attainment, age, sex, marital status, cause of death; no interaction effects.