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Table 2 Average distance and frequency walked in a week by participants reporting environmental mobility barriers

From: Environmental mobility barriers and walking for errands among older people who live alone vs. with others

Environmental mobility barriers Distance (km) walked/week (n = 642) p-value* Frequency of walking/week (n = 649) p-value*
  Mean ± SD   Mean ± SD  
Traffic   0.675   0.179
    Yes 6.3 ± 5.0   4.2 ± 2.2  
    No 6.5 ± 5.2   3.9 ± 2.2  
Terrain   0.173   0.685
    Yes 6.0 ± 5.1   4.0 ± 2.1  
    No 6.6 ± 5.2   4.0 ± 2.2  
Distances   < 0.001   < 0.001
    Yes 4.5 ± 4.4   3.1 ± 1.9  
    No 6.8 ± 5.2   4.2 ± 2.2  
Entrance   0.120   0.469
    Yes 5.8 ± 5.1   3.9 ± 2.1  
    No 6.6 ± 5.1   4.0 ± 2.2  
  1. * t-test.
  2. NOTE: Environmental mobility barriers studied were Traffic (noisy traffic and dangerous crossroads), Terrain (hilly terrain and poor street condition), Distances (long distance to services and lack of resting places), and Entrance (outdoor stairs present, indoor stairs present, no elevator, heavy doors, slippery floor and inadequate lighting).