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Table 2 Background characteristics and assets included in the sample

From: Contribution of community-based newborn health promotion to reducing inequities in healthy newborn care practices and knowledge: evidence of improvement from a three-district pilot program in Malawi

  Baseline Endline
n (%) n (%)
Respondent characteristics   
Age   
15 to 19 115 (13%) 131 (15%)
20 to 29 474 (53%) 507 (56%)
30 to 39 208 (23%) 215 (24%)
40 to 49 29 (3%) 24 (3%)
Don’t know 74 (8%) 23 (3%)
Schooling   
No school 129 (14%) 111 (12%)
Primary school 635 (70%) 631 (70%)
Secondary school 135 (15%) 154 (17%)
Higher than secondary 2 (0.2%) 2 (0.2%)
Toilet facilities   
Flush toilet 10 (1%) 9 (1%)
Improved pit latrine 163 (18%) 131 (15%)
Unimproved pit latrine 680 (75%) 739 (82%)
No toilet/bush facilities 41 (5%) 21 (2%)
Electricity and appliances   
Electricity 31 (3%) 26 (3%)
Radio 629 (70%) 530 (59%)
Television 28 (3%) 53 (6%)
Mobile phone 131 (15%) 310 (34%)
Nonmobile phone 14 (2%) 15 (2%)
Refrigerator 6 (1%) 12 (1%)
Cooking fuel   
Electric or gas 0 9 (1%)
Coal 44 (5%) 27 (3%)
Wood 855 (95%) 864 (96%)
Roof material   
Iron sheets or tiles 345 (38%) 238 (26%)
Grass or leaves 554 (61%) 661 (73%)
Wall material   
Fired bricks 434 (48%) 396 (44%)
Unfired bricks 360 (40%) 261 (29%)
Stone 0 8 (1%)
Dirt of grass 99 (11%) 233 (26%)
Household items   
Watch 413 (46%) 265 (29%)
Bicycle 474 (53%) 434 (48%)
Motorcycle 46 (5%) 19 (2%)
Animal-drawn cart 21 (2%) 30 (3%)
Car 2 (0.2%) 5 (0.6%)
Livestock   
Cattle 172 (19%) 92 (10%)
Donkeys 3 (0.3%) 4 (0.4%)
Sheep 47 (5%) 5 (0.6%)