Skip to main content

Table 2 Policies and outcomes for prenatal care

From: A comparative analysis of early child health and development services and outcomes in countries with different redistributive policies

Policy Sweden Netherlands Canada United States Cuba
Primary providers of prenatal care [1922] Midwives and obstetricians Midwives Obstetricians and family physicians Obstetricians Polyclinics (wide range of professionals available)
Outcome  
Maternal smoking rate (Canada 2007, Sweden and US 2009) [2325, 62] 6.9% 7.6% 10% 12.8% No equivalent data available
C-section rate (Canada 2006,all others 2009) [19, 20, 23, 24, 26] 17.2% 15.4% 26.3% 32.9% 28.5%
Infant mortality rate (2005) (per 1000 live births) [11, 12] 2.4 4.9 5.3 6.8 5.3
Low birth weight rate (<2500 g) (2003–2005) [11, 12] 4.2% 6.2% 5.9% 8.1% 5.4%