Skip to main content

Table 3 Characteristics of participants stratified by diagnosis of metabolic syndrome (MetS) according to fasting plasma glucose or HbA1c or both

From: Impact of HbA1c criterion on the definition of glycemic component of the metabolic syndrome: the China health and nutrition survey 2009

  No MetS FPG-based diagnosis of MetS HbA1c-based diagnosis of MetS MetS by both FPG and HbA1c
Female (%) 51.5 51.4 59.5 53.0
Age (years)§ 48.2 ± 15.0*† ‡ 53.6 ± 12.2* 56.1 ± 13.2* 58.2 ± 12.1
Body mass index (kg/m2)§ 22.6 ± 3.1*† ‡ 25.3 ± 3.1* 25.4 ± 3.1* 26.1 ± 3.4
Waist circumference (cm)§ 79.8 ± 9.4*† ‡ 89.1 ± 8.0* 89.3 ± 8.4* 91.5 ± 8.7
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 120.0 (110.0-128.7)*† ‡ 130.0 (120.0-142.3)* 131.0 (120.0-144.7)* 136.0 (123.3-149.3)
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 79.3 (70.7-83.3)*† ‡ 85.0 (80.0-90.7) 86.0 (80.0-91.0) 86.7 (80.0-91.8)
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 4.9 (4.6-5.3)*† ‡ 5.9 (5.7-6.3) 5.0 (4.7-5.3)*† 6.4 (5.9-7.5)
HbA1c (%) 5.4 (5.1-5.6)*‡ 5.4 (5.2-5.5)* 5.9 (5.8-6.1)*† 6.2 (5.9-6.8)
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 4.7 (4.1-5.3)*‡ 4.9 (4.3-5.7)* 5.0 (4.5-5.7)* 5.3 (4.7-6.0)
Triglycerides (mmol/l) 1.1 (0.8-1.5)*† ‡ 2.0 (1.3-2.7) 1.8 (1.2-2.5) 1.9 (1.3-2.8)
LDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 2.8 (2.3-3.4)*† ‡ 3.0 (2.3-3.5)* 3.1 (2.5-3.8) 3.3 (2.6-3.9)
HDL cholesterol (mmol/l) 1.4 (1.2-1.7)*† ‡ 1.2 (1.0-1.5) 1.2 (1.1-1.5) 1.2 (1.0-1.4)
Uric acid (mmol/l) 286.0 (233.0-349.0)*† ‡ 336.5 (281.5-411.0) 318.0 (256.0-377.0))*† 328.0 (267.0-393.0)
HOMA2-IR 1.3 (0.9-1.8)*† ‡ 1.9 (1.4-2.9)* 1.6 (1.2-2.2)* 2.2 (1.5-3.5)
Hemoglobin (g/dl) 141.0 (130.0-153.0)*† 145.0 (133.0-157.0) 142.0 (131.0-154.0)* 146.0 (135.0-159.0)
Albumin (g/dl) 47.3 (45.3-49.5) 47.5 (45.5-49.7) 47.3 (45.3-49.3) 47.8 (45.7-49.8)
Alanine aminotransferase (UI/L) 17.0 (13.0-25.0)*† ‡ 21.0 (14.0-31.5)* 21.0 (15.0-29.0)* 23.0 (17.0-32.5)
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (ml/min per 1.73 m2) 76.7 (68.2-86.6)*† 73.7 (65.0-82.8) 74.4 (66.2-83.3) 72.8 (63.4-82.2)
C-reactive protein (mg/l) 1.0 (0.0-2.0)*‡ 1.0 (1.0-3.0)* 2.0 (1.0-3.0) 2.0 (1.0-4.0)
Serum magnesium 0.9 (0.9-1.0)*‡ 0.9 (0.9-1.0)* 1.0 (0.9-1.0) 1.0 (0.9-1.0)
Transferrin (ng/ml) 2.8 (2.5-3.1)*‡ 2.8 (2.5-3.1)* 2.9 (2.6-3.3) 3.0 (2.6-3.3)
Soluble Transferrin receptor (ng/ml) 1.3 (1.1-1.6) 1.3 (1.1-1.7) 1.3 (1.0-1.6) 1.3 (1.1-1.6)
White blood cell count (×109/ml) 6.0 (5.0-7.1)*‡ 6.1 (5.1-7.3)* 6.2 (5.3-7.5)* 6.5 (5.6-7.7)
  1. Data are medians (25th to 75th percentiles) or percent, except variables denoted by §, which are means ± SD.
  2. *P < 0.001 compared with individuals with MetS according to both FPG and HbA1c.
  3. P < 0.001 compared with individuals with MetS according to FPG only.
  4. P < 0.001 compared with individuals with MetS according to HbA1c only.