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Table 2 Baseline food, energy and nutrient consumption in incident cases of diabetes and controls

From: Heme iron intake and risk of new-onset diabetes in a Mediterranean population at high risk of cardiovascular disease: an observational cohort analysis

VARIABLES TOTAL n = 1073 p FIRST TERTILE SECOND TERTILE THIRD TERTILE
  NON INCIDENT
n = 942 (87.8%)
INCIDENT DIABETICS
n = 131 (12.2%)
  NON INCIDENT
n = 324 (90.8%)
INCIDENT DIABETICS
n = 33 (9.2%)
NON INCIDENT
n = 310 (86.6%)
INCIDENT DIABETICS
n = 48 (13.4%)
NON INCIDENT
n = 358 (86.0%)
INCIDENT DIABETICS
n = 50 (14.0%)
Heme iron (mg/day) 3.7 ± 1.19 3.9 ± 1.3 0.036 2.5 ± 0.3 2.6 ± 0,4 3.6 ± 0.3 3.7 ± 0.3 5.1 ± 0.9 5.1 ± 1.2
Non-heme iron (mg/day) 12.0 ± 3.23 11.8 ± 3.4 0.538 11.1 ± 3.0 10.3 ± 2.7 11.9 ± 2.8 12.0 ± 3.6 13.2 ± 3.5 12.8 ± 3.4
Iron (mg/day) 15.7 ± 3.80 15.8 ± 4.0 0.886 13.6 ± 3.1 12.8 ± 2.8 15.5 ± 2.9 15.7 ± 3.6 18.2 ± 3.9 17.9 ± 3.8
Vitamin C (mg/day) 170.5 ± 69.56 165.0 ± 58.1 0.394 153.5 ± 62.9 140.6 ± 64.9 175.2 ± 68.9 161.6 ± 53.2 183.6 ± 73.4 184.5 ± 52.0
Calcium (mg/day) 978.6 ± 328.73 963.5 ± 368.6 0.628 853.7 ± 289.7 820.4 ± 246.6 997.5 ± 309.9 927.6 ± 313.9 1091.0 ± 341.7 1092.4 ± 440.6
Fiber (g/day) 23.0 ± 6.74 22.2 ± 6.7 0.189 21.9 ± 6.6 20.5 ± 7.3 22.8 ± 5.9 21.9 ± 6.1 24.4 ± 7.4 23.6 ± 6.8
Carbohydrates (g/day) 241.1 ± 72.28 228.3 ± 79.8 0.062 222.5 ± 70.5 188.2 ± 47.9 238.2 ± 63.5 233.3 ± 79.8 263.4 ± 76.5 250.0 ± 87.7
Protein (g/day) 90.1 ± 19.76 90.8 ± 19.5 0.687 75.0 ± 14.0 73.3 ± 9.9 89.2 ± 12.4 89.77 ± 13.6 106.9 ± 17.7 103.4 ± 20.1
Total fat (g/day) 102.7 ± 27.02 104.5 ± 28.1 0.482 89.5 ± 22.3 89.0 ± 26.4 102.3 ± 22.1 103.8 ± 27.0 117.4 ± 28.7 115.4 ± 25.8
Total energy (Kcal/day) 2 328.5 ± 553.55 2 322.9 ± 607.0 0.916 2059.3 ± 484.7 1912 ± 362.9 2305.5 ± 446.8 2344.6 ± 610.3 2634.8 ± 76.5 2573.4 ± 596.9
Dairy (g/day) 369.6 ± 212.0 351.1 ± 233.2 0.357 342.5 ± 201.8 344.2 ± 184.1 382.5 ± 209.8 335.1 ± 200.4 385.1 ± 222.4 371.1 ± 288.1
Meat, fish and eggs (g/day) 231.4 ± 67.1 237.7 ± 60.4 0.303 177.2 ± 41.1 181.4 ± 37.7 229.1 ± 41.9 238.0 ± 40.3 290.6 ± 60.3 237.7 ± 60.4
Cereals, legumes & nuts (g/day) 196.5 ± 91.2 196.1 ± 101.0 0.961 185.3 ± 90.7 164.9 ± 60.2 188.6 ± 82.2 199.5 ± 109.1 216.4 ± 97.1 213.5 ± 110.9
Vegetables (g/day) 279.6 ± 108.8 276.3 ± 105.1 0.741 254.3 ± 96.6 243.6 ±105.8 277.9 ± 103.5 250.0 ± 97.3 308.2 ± 119.1 323.2 ± 96.3
Fruits (g/day) 352.9 ± 181.3 315.4 ± 150.8 0.010 328.8 ± 170.6 278.8 ± 177.2 373.1 ± 186.1 329.5 ± 135.8 357.8 ± 185.0 326.0 ± 144.8
Oils & fats (g/day) 57.9 ± 22.0 60.5 ± 25.0 0.220 53.0 ± 19.9 52.5 ± 19.3 57.5 ± 21.0 62.4 ± 29.9 63.6 ± 23.8 63.9 ± 22.4
Alcoholic beverages (cc/day) 128.5 ± 190.9 17.0 ± 287.4 0.087 106.5 ± 185.2 91.1 ± 151.2 132.1 ± 210.3 174.4 ± 221.3 147.9 ± 173.7 225.7 ± 387.2
Coffee (cc/day) 31.5 ± 47.5 20.5 ± 32.9 0.001 27.2 ± 46.1 16.0 ± 33.4 31.4 ± 43.8 20.6 ± 31.5 36.0 ± 52.2 23.4 ± 34.3
Tea (cc/day) 5.3 ± 23,1 4.5 ± 13.2 0.720 4.6 ± 25.6 3.0 ± 10.9 5.8 ± 24.3 5.1 ± 14.1 5.4 ± 23.1 4.9 ± 13.2
  1. Results expressed as mean ± standard deviation.