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Table 2 NERS resource use and costs over 12 months by group

From: Cost-effectiveness of a national exercise referral programme for primary care patients in Wales: results of a randomised controlled trial

  Intervention group Control group Significance1
n = 400 n = 398 P
Primary Care Sector Mean, median (min, max)  
GP consultations, surgery 5.18, 4 (0, 28) 6.00, 5 (0, 46) 0.11
  Phone 0.63, 0 (0, 14) 0.69, 0 (0, 20) 0.68
  Home visits 0.12, 0 (0, 20) 0.11, 0 (0, 10) 0.64
Practice nurse consultations 2.98, 1 (0, 29) 3.31, 2 (0, 42) 0.05
Mental Health Professionals 0.83, 0 (0, 32) 0.71, 0 (0, 53) 0.58
Other health professionals 0.65, 0 (0, 32) 1.14, 0 (0, 36) 0.11
Secondary Care Sector    
Consultant 2.00, 1 (0, 22) 2.09, 1 (0, 26) 0.55
Specialist nurse 0.87, 0 (0, 42) 0.61, 0 (0, 24) 0.98
Physiotherapist 1.59, 0 (0, 52) 1.66, 0 (0, 48) 0.63
Other health professionals seen 0.68, 0 (0, 78) 0.35, 0 (0, 26) 0.21
A&E 0.32, 0 (0, 18) 0.30, 0 (0, 15) 0.08
Inpatient hospital days (all causes) 0.97, 0 (0, 96) 1.05, 0 (0, 32) 0.70
Type of Cost 2 Intervention Control group Mean difference
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) (95% CI bootstrapped)
NHS primary care sector
GP consultations:    
Surgery 186 (159) 215 (204) -28
Telephone 14 (36) 15 (40) -1.4
Home visits 6 (55) 6 (35) 0.7
All GP consultation (subtotal) 206 (182) 235 (224) -29 (-59, -0.3)
Practice nurse consultations 51 (104) 56 (125) -5
Mental health professional 42 (189) 36 (198) 6
Other health professionals 23 (87) 31 (121) -9
Total primary care consultations 322 (339) 358 (409) -36. 5 (-92, 16)
Primary care prescribing 352 (448) 391 (494) -39
Total primary care 674 (610) 749 (712) -76 (-167, 14)
NHS secondary sector
Outpatients:    
  Consultant 223 (302) 232 (325) -9 (-51, 33)
  Specialist nurse 312 (127) 21 (69) 11 (-2, 24)
  Physiotherapist 65 (223) 68 (202) -3 (-31, 26)
  Other hospital attendances 60 (598) 17 (107) 43 (-3,110)
Day cases 121 (361) 83 (330) 38 (-12, 89)
Inpatient hospital days (all causes) 374 (1915) 411 (1447) -37 (-246, 210)
A&E attendances 26 (107) 23 (78) 2 (-10, 16)
Tests 121 (251) 149 (258) -28 (-64, 7)*
Total secondary care 901 (2235) 856 (1721) 45 (-208, 351)
TOTAL NHS COST 1695 (2514) 1754 (2155) -58. 4 (-361, 301)
Base case NERS Intervention cost
2 session/week for 16 week 385 0 (0) 385
TOTAL NHS, WAG and LOCAL AUTHORITY COST 2080 (2514) 1754 (2155) 326 (-2, 660)
  1. 1Mann–Whitney test (exact two-sided significance level) No significant differences found.
  2. 2Costs rounded to nearest £.
  3. *The difference is significant (P < 0.05) according to Mann–Whitney test.