Skip to main content

Table 2 Logistic regression for smoking status and fruit & vegetable consumption predicting high risk of diabetes

From: Influence of smoking and diet on glycated haemoglobin and 'pre-diabetes’ categorisation: a cross-sectional analysis

  OR* 95% CI p-value
Smoking status    
Non-smoker (contrast)    
Ex-occasional 0.88 0.59-1.32 0.54
Ex-regular 1.11 0.92-1.34 0.26
Current smoker 2.25 1.84-2.75 <0.001
# Cigarettes/day    
None (contrast)    
Less than 10 1.88 1.31-2.71 <0.001
10 to less than 20 2.63 2.04-3.39 <0.001
More than 20 2.06 1.57-2.71 <0.001
(Adjusted for smoking status)    
Vegetable intake 0.94 0.89-1.01 0.08
Fruit intake 0.99 0.94-1.03 0.56
Fruit & vegetable intake 0.98 0.95-1.01 0.17
(Adjusted for # cigarettes/day)    
Vegetable intake 0.95 0.89-1.01 0.09
Fruit intake 0.99 0.94-1.03 0.53
Fruit & vegetable intake 0.98 0.95-1.01 0.17
  1. *adjusted for age, sex, ethnic group, social class, physical activity level, CRP, BMI, waist circumference & year of study. # cigarettes per day: number of cigarettes per day.