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Table 6 The minimum DDD cost of anti-hypertension medicines in Guangzhou, Tianjin and Shanghai

From: Controlling cost escalation of healthcare: making universal health coverage sustainable in China

No. Generic name Average minimum DDD cost
   Liwan district, Guangzhou Hebei district, Tianjin Luwan district, Shanghai
1 Losartan 7.65 7.19 7.13
2 Captopril 0.04 3.33 0.39
3 Nitrendipine 0.09 0.05 0.13
4 Enalapril 1.38 1.99 1.61
5 Indapamide 0.72 0.94 0.51
6 Amlodipine 3.27 5.91 4.75
7 Levamlodipine 8.62 7.09 5.89
8 Benazepril 3.41 2.92 3.87
9 Perindopril 3.87 4.03 4.05
10 Fosinopril 5.58 5.55 3.78
11 Valsartan 4.48 5.47 5.24
12 Irbesartan 3.53 3.66 5.74
13 Felodipine 3.14 6.69 5.00
Average   3.80 5.12 4.64
  1. Source of Data: Ministry of Health, China: Report on pharmaceutical purchasing and utilization in primary health institution in China. Beijing; 2009.