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Table 1 Summary of geographical access to three levels of facility-based birth care in Ghana, by region

From: Geographical access to care at birth in Ghana: a barrier to safe motherhood

Region Travel time category ‘ABC’ facilities offering any care at birth EmONC facilities (partial, basic or comprehensive) EmONC facilities (comprehensive)
NATIONAL Total = 6,205,703 < 2 hrs 5,586,265 (90%) 4,099,329 (66%) 3,384,040 (55%)
> 2 hrs 619,438 (10%) 2,106,374 (34%) 2,821,663 (46%)
> 4 hrs 185,917 (3%) 1,091,760 (18%) 1,766,669 (29%)
Ashanti Total = 1,796,118 < 2 hrs 1,708,397 (95%) 1,315,565 (73%) 1,223,834 (68%)
> 2 hrs 87,721 (5%) 480,553 (27%) 572,284 (32%)
> 4 hrs 12,561 (1%) 197,955 (11%) 276,998 (15%)
Brong Ahafo Total = 548,345 < 2 hrs 479,302 (87%) 318,954 (58%) 269,541 (49%)
> 2 hrs 69,043 (13%) 229,391 (42%) 278,803 (51%)
> 4 hrs 11,851 (2%) 133,026 (24%) 189,944 (35%)
Central Total = 496,948 < 2 hrs 430,841 (87%) 297,882 (60%) 250,054 (50%)
> 2 hrs 66,107 (13%) 199,066 (40%) 246,894 (50%)
> 4 hrs 7,534 (2%) 106,144 (21%) 195,614 (39%)
Eastern Total = 624,211 < 2 hrs 600,380 (96%) 426,226 (68%) 394,962 (63%)
> 2 hrs 23,831 (4%) 197,986 (32%) 229,249 (37%)
> 4 hrs 8,000 (1%) 64,969 (10%) 110,305 (18%)
Greater Accra Total = 785,183 < 2 hrs 782,777 (99%) 736,523 (94%) 644,211 (82%)
> 2 hrs 2,406 (1%) 48,660 (6%) 140,972 (18%)
> 4 hrs 0 (0%) 19,734 (3%) 63,860 (8%)
Northern Total = 551,093 < 2 hrs 428,607 (78%) 205,709 (37%) 139,996 (25%)
> 2 hrs 122,486 (22%) 345,383 (63%) 411,096 (75%)
> 4 hrs 37,463 (7%) 228,182 (41%) 276,431 (50%)
Upper East Total = 551,093 < 2 hrs 230,331 (98%) 130,994 (56%) 122,261 (52%)
> 2 hrs 4,245 (2%) 103,582 (44%) 112,314 (48%)
> 4 hrs 43 (0%) 45,690 (20%) 82,763 (35%)
Upper West Total = 160,357 < 2 hrs 145,442 (91%) 94,318 (59%) 56,933 (36%)
> 2 hrs 14,915 (9%) 66,039 (41%) 103,423 (65%)
> 4 hrs 1,735 (1%) 38,352 (24%) 73,455 (46%)
Volta Total = 472,916 < 2 hrs 340,811 (72%) 273,282 (58%) 178,094 (38%)
> 2 hrs 132,105 (28%) 199,634 (42%) 294,822 (62%)
> 4 hrs 65,228 (14%) 114,732 (24%) 209,138 (44%)
Western Total = 535,956 < 2 hrs 439,376 (82%) 299,875 (56%) 104,152 (19%)
> 2 hrs 96,580 (18%) 236,081 (44%) 431,804 (81%)
> 4 hrs 41,502 (8%) 142,975 (27%) 288,162 (54%)
  1. Values are the estimated number (and regional percentage) of women of childbearing age living less than 2 hours, greater than 2 hours or greater than 4 hours journey-time from their nearest facility offering each level of care. Also shown in the left-hand column are the estimated total number of women of childbearing age in each region. EmONC = emergency obstetric and newborn care.