Children’s absence from day care or school and parents’ absence from work associated with paediatric influenza. ED = emergency department. * Interquartile range. † This is the number of children with confirmed influenza in this article, so the value is the same for the row showing the whole parent population, the mothers only, and the fathers only. The article does not provide the number of mothers and the number of fathers. Notes: Each point represents a mean or median value from one of the identified studies: ♦ = mean value; ▪ = median value. Effect sizes around each point represent standard deviation if the value is a mean; range represents minimum-maximum range if the value is a median.