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Table 2 Comparison of baseline and 1-year follow-up measures by group a

From: NHS health checks through general practice: randomised trial of population cardiovascular risk reduction

  Baseline Follow-up
  Health Check group   Health Check plus group Health Check group   Health Check plus group
  Mean SD N Mean SD N Mean SD N Mean SD N
CVD risk baseline (%) 32.9 9.7 365 31.9 10.0 236 29.4d 9.7 295 29.2d 10.1 191
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 146.0 17.0 365 144.4 16.2 236 138.3d 14.7 314 138.7d 14.6 204
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 84.9 9.5 365 85.3 9.6 236 80.5d 8.8 314 81.5d 8.9 204
Total cholesterol (mmol/l) 5.7 0.9 365 5.7 0.9 236 5.0d 1.0 308 5.1d 1.0 197
HDL cholesterol level (mmol/l) 1.2 0.3 365 1.2 0.3 236 1.2 0.3 298 1.2 0.3 192
Total cholesterol/ HDL cholesterol ratio 4.8 1.0 365 4.9 1.1 236 4.2c 1.1 300 4.4d 1.1 192
Weight (kg) 82.6b 13.8 365 85.0 14.5 236 82.8 13.5 313 84.3 14.5 200
Body mass index (kgm-2) 27.5b 4.1 365 28.7 5.0 236 27.6 4.1 313 28.4e 4.9 200
Waist circumference (cm) 99.5 11.8 355 101.3 11.2 231 97.9d 10.7 280 99.1d 11.4 168
Pulse rate (/minute) 70.9c 11.4 362 74.8 12.0 233       
Fasting plasma glucose (mmol/l) 5.6 2.0 365 5.4 1.0 236       
Height (cm) 173.0 8.1 365 172.5 8.3 236       
  1. a Comparisons carried out on the basis of available data only.
  2. b Baseline comparison between groups, p < 0.05.
  3. c Baseline comparison between groups, p < 0.001.
  4. d Paired comparison (baseline versus 1-year follow-up) within group, p < 0.001.
  5. e Paired comparison (baseline versus 1-year follow-up) within group, p < 0.01.