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Table 4 Associated factors of hyperglycemia levels in multinomial logistic regression with backward stepwise method

From: Prevalence and correlates of hyperglycemia in a rural population, Vietnam: implications from a cross–sectional study

Variables IFG (n= 248) IGT and IGT−IFG (n= 163) Diabetes (n= 100)
  OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p OR (95% CI) p
Residence       
 Rural 1   1   1  
 Urban 2.68 (1.68-4.27) < 0.0001 2.88 (1.71-4.85) < 0.0001 1.63 (0.78-3.43) 0.197
Family history of diabetes      
 No 1   1   1  
 Yes 1.38 (0.71−2.68) 0.347 1.93 (0.96−3.89) 0.067 4.44 (2.26−8.75) < 0.0001
Blood pressure       
 Normal 1   1   1  
 High 1.66 (1.24−2.22) 0.001 1.71 (1.21−2.43) 0.003 1.77 (1.15−2.74) 0.010
Waist-hip ratio (per SD = 0.07) 1.17 (0.98−1.40) 0.082 1.25 (1.01−1.53) 0.037 1.56 (1.24−1.95) < 0.0001
Body fat (%) 0.97 (0.94−1.00) 0.083 1.05 (1.01−1.09) 0.029 1.05 (1.01−1.10) 0.043
Alcohol consumption      
 None 1   1   1  
 <1 drink/mo 1.27 (0.72−2.24) 0.416 1.20 (0.60−2.37) 0.607 1.18 (0.49−2.84) 0.714
 ≥ 1 drink/mo
to < 1 drink/wk
1.98 (1.12−3.49) 0.019 1.71 (0.88−3.33) 0.117 1.30 (0.53−3.21) 0.571
 1 drink/wk
to ≤ 1 drink/d
2.30 (1.34−3.94) 0.002 0.88 (0.44−1.74) 0.707 0.66 (0.28−1.55) 0.340
 ≥ 2 drink/d 2.14 (1.17−3.91) 0.014 1.13 (0.56−2.27) 0.728 1.49 (0.69−3.19) 0.312
  1. IFG, isolated impaired fasting glucose; IGT, isolated impaired glucose tolerance; IGF−IGT, combined IFG and IGT.
  2. High blood pressure: systolic blood pressure ≥ 130 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure ≥ 85 mmHg.
  3. OR and P values were adjusted by age and sex.