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Table 2 Masticatory function scores in preschoolers, according to type of feeding and sucking habits, Porto Alegre, Brazil (n = 144)

From: Influence of the duration of breastfeeding on quality of muscle function during mastication in preschoolers: a cohort study

Variable Masticatory function score
  n Mean ± SD p*
Breastfeeding (months)    
< 12 78 6.79±2.84 <0.001
≥12 66 10.4±3.53  
Bottle-feeding (months)    
< 12 22 12.4±2.67 <0.001
≥ 12 122 7.73±3.33  
Pacifier use (months)    
< 6 67 10.1±3.48 <0.001
≥ 6 77 7.00±3.15  
Thumb sucking    
Yes 14 8.92±3.83 0.602
No 130 8.39±3.63  
  1. SD, standard deviation.
  2. *Student’s t test.