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Table 7 Regression of mean change in outcome variables from baseline to 3 months post program (T1-T3)

From: Pragmatic randomised trial of a 12-week exercise and nutrition program for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women: clinical results immediate post and 3 months follow-up

  N Model 1 p value Model 2 p value Model 3 p value Model 4 p value
   β coeff 95% CI   β coeff 95% CI   β coeff 95% CI   β coeff 95% CI  
Weight (kg) 56 −2.17 −4.09- -0.25 0.028 −2.13 −4.11- -0.15 0.036 −2.20 −4.16-0.24 0.029 −2.50 −4.46- -0.54 0.013
BMI (kg/m2) 56 −0.95 −1.69- -0.21 0.013 −0.92 −1.68- -0.16 0.019 −0.91 −1.68- -0.15 0.020 −1.03 −1.79- -0.27 0.009
Waist (cm) 56 −1.81 −4.31-0.69 0.153 −1.60 −4.19-0.99 0.220 −1.49 −4.12-1.14 0.261 −1.50 −4.20-1.19 0.268
Hip (cm) 56 −1.16 −3.73-1.41 0.370 −1.44 −4.00-1.13 0.265 −1.52 −3.98-0.95 0.223 −1.97 −4.39-0.45 0.108
Systolic BP (mmHg) 53 −3.26 −9.15-2.63 0.271 −3.38 −9.19-2.42 0.247 −4.00 −9.74-1.74 0.168 −4.09 −10.01-1.83 0.171
Diastolic BP (mmHg) 53 −1.43 −5.21-2.34 0.449 −1.94 −5.75-1.88 0.312 −2.13 −5.99-1.73 0.273 −2.17 −6.15-1.81 0.279
Insulin (mU/L) 44 1.22 −2.92-5.37 0.554 1.46 −2.52-5.44 0.462 1.34 −2.76-5.43 0.513 1.64 −2.54-5.82 0.432
Glucose (mmol/L) 45 −0.47 −1.11-0.17 0.143 −0.54 −1.18-0.10 0.095 −0.55 −1.20-0.11 0.101 −0.46 −1.08-0.17 0.149
HbA1c (%) 44 −0.29 −0.58-0.01 0.057 −0.20 −0.47-0.06 0.124 −0.22 −0.49-0.04 0.095 −0.23 −0.50-0.04 0.092
Cholesterol (mmol/L) 45 −0.22 −0.61-0.17 0.261 0.01 −0.37-0.38 0.969 0.03 −0.34-0.41 0.865 −0.03 −0.40-0.33 0.859
Triglycerides (mmol/L) 45 −0.26 −0.63-0.12 0.174 −0.22 −0.58-0.14 0.225 −0.22 −0.57-0.14 0.221 −0.26 −0.63-0.10 0.151
LDL (mmol/L) 44 −0.10 −0.45-0.24 0.544 0.08 −0.25-0.40 0.659 0.08 −0.25-0.41 0.635 0.07 −0.26-0.39 0.675
HDL (mmol/L) 45 −0.01 −0.11-0.08 0.760 0.00 −0.09-0.09 0.978 0.00 −0.10-0.09 0.946 −0.01 −0.11-0.08 0.801
CRP (mg/L) 44 −1.15 −4.72-2.41 0.517 −0.79 −4.36-2.77 0.655 −1.02 −4.52-2.49 0.560 −1.05 −4.66-2.56 0.559
  1. Model 1 is crude and unadjusted. Model 2 is adjusted for age at baseline and the baseline assessment of the respective outcome measure. Model 3 is adjusted for the confounders in Model 2 plus kids in the household and employment status. Model 4 adjusts for all potential confounders in model 3 plus T2DM status.
  2. Abbreviations: CI = confidence intervals; BMI = body mass index; Waist = waist circumference; Hip = hip circumference; HbA1C = glycated haemoglobin; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; CRP = C-reactive protein.