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Table 3 Baseline mean anthropometric and blood measurements by group

From: Pragmatic randomised trial of a 12-week exercise and nutrition program for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women: clinical results immediate post and 3 months follow-up

   Waitlisted N=49 Active N=51
   Mean 95% CI Mean 95% CI
Age Age (years) 40.7 37.7-43.6 39.8 36.7-43.1
Anthropometrics Height (m) 1.62 1.61-1.64 1.61 1.60-1.62
  Weight (kg) 88.8 82.8-94.8 94.0 88.1-99.9
  BMI (kg/m2) 33.5 31.5-35.6 36.1 34.0-38.2
  Waist (cm) 101.5 97.0-106.0 104.2 100.0-108.3
  Hip (cm) 117.0 112.3-121.7 120.6 115.9-125.2
  Waist to Hip Ratio 0.87 0.85-0.89 0.87 0.85-0.88
Blood Pressure Systolic BP (mmHg) 129.5 124.1-135.0 129.4 125.4-133.4
  Diastolic BP (mmHg) 87.5 83.9-91.1 88.3 85.3-91.3
Pathology Glucose (mmol/L) 6.4 5.1-7.7 5.6 4.9-6.3
  Insulin (mU/L) 17.4 14.1-20.7 17.5 14.7-20.2
  HbA1c (%) 6.5 6.0-7.1 6.1 5.7-6.4
  Cholesterol (mmol/L) 4.6 4.3-5.0 4.9 4.6-5.2
  Triglycerides (mmol/L) 1.5 1.1-1.8 1.5 1.3-1.7
  LDL (mmol/L) 2.8 2.4-3.0 3.0 2.8-3.2
  HDL (mmol/L) 1.2 1.1-1.3 1.2 1.1-1.3
  LDL:HDL 2.4* 2.1-2.7 2.6 2.3-2.9
  Cholesterol:HDL 4.1 3.6-4.5 4.2 3.8-4.5
  CRP (mg/L) 7.2 4.4-10.0 7.5# 5.6-9.4
Calculated HOMA-IR HOMA-IR 5.3 3.4-7.2 4.3 3.6-5.1
  1. The observations for blood pressure were reduced due to missing data; waitlisted participants n=45, active participants n=49. The observations for pathology results were reduced due to missing data; waitlisted participants n=29, active participants n=44.
  2. * Observation reduced by one. LDL value missing – invalid as triglyceride concentration was > 4.5 mmol/L.
  3. # Observation reduced by one. CRP was > 100 mg/L indicating bacterial infection.
  4. Abbreviations: CI = confidence intervals; BMI = body mass index; Waist = waist circumference; Hip = hip circumference; HbA1C = glycated haemoglobin; LDL = low-density lipoprotein; HDL = high-density lipoprotein; CRP = C-reactive protein; HOMA-IR = Homeostatic model assessment for insulin resistance.