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Table 2 Prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its component by socioeconomic status in women and men

From: Socioeconomic status and metabolic syndrome in the general population of China: a cross-sectional study

Variables Metabolic syndrome Abdominal obesity High triglycerides Low HDL-cholesterol High blood pressure High blood glucose
Women       
Education level       
 <7 years 842 (39.85) 1120 (53.01) 667 (31.57) 979 (46.33) 1390 (65.78) 453 (21.44)
 7~12 years 869 (23.91) 1156 (31.80) 899 (24.73) 1607 (44.21) 1626 (44.73) 407 (11.20)
 >12 years 107 (17.31)** 109 (17.64)** 160 (25.89)** 246 (39.81)** 202 (32.69)** 43 (6.96)**
Personal monthly income level      
 Lower 1708 (29.25) 2281 (39.06) 1583 (27.11) 2606 (44.62) 3018 (51.68) 848 (14.52)
 Middle 103 (21.73) 95 (20.04) 128 (27.00) 202 (42.62) 181 (38.19) 50 (10.55)
 Higher 7 (13.46)** 9 (17.31)** 15 (28.85) 24 (46.15) 19 (36.54)** 5 (9.62)*
Household monthly income level     
 Lower 1621 (29.29) 2175 (39.30) 1497 (27.05) 2473 (44.69) 2863 (51.73) 807 (14.58)
 Middle 185 (24.28) 195 (25.59) 210 (27.56) 327 (42.91) 329 (43.18) 90 (11.81)
 Higher 12 (17.14)** 15 (21.43)** 19 (27.14) 32 (45.71) 26 (37.14)** 6 (8.57)*
Men       
Education level       
 <7 years 105 (12.96) 83 (10.25) 152 (18.77) 128 (15.80) 528 (65.19) 137 (16.91)
 7~12 years 349 (14.61) 223 (9.33) 744 (31.14) 442 (18.50) 1320 (55.25) 334 (13.98)
 >12 years 64 (13.11) 36 (7.38) 180 (36.89)** 113 (23.16)** 240 (49.18)** 69 (14.14)
Personal monthly income level      
 Lower 418 (13.65) 283 (9.24) 827 (27.01) 541 (17.67) 1763 (57.58) 445 (14.53)
 Middle 81 (15.85) 47 (9.20) 196 (38.36) 117 (22.90) 279 (54.60) 82 (16.05)
 Higher 19 (16.67) 12 (10.53) 53 (46.49)** 25 (21.93)** 46 (40.35)** 13 (11.40)
Household monthly income level      
 Lower 452 (14.05) 309 (9.61) 898 (27.91) 584 (18.15) 1861 (57.85) 465 (14.45)
 Middle 59 (13.82) 28 (6.56) 159 (37.24) 90 (21.08) 210 (49.18) 71 (16.63)
 Higher 7 (16.28) 5 (11.63) 19 (44.19)** 9 (20.93) 17 (39.53)** 4 (9.30)
  1. *P<0.05 from Cochran-Armitage test for trend.
  2. **P<0.01 from Cochran-Armitage test for trend.