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Table 3 Ethnic and gender-specific differences in socio-demographic correlates of all-domain insufficient PA without exclusion

From: Lifestyle physical activity among urban Palestinians and Israelis: a cross-sectional comparison in the Palestinian-Israeli Jerusalem risk factor study

  Palestinian men (N = 512) Israeli men (N = 370)  
  n % (row) AORa (95% CI) n %(row) AOR (95% CI) P b
Age group   P (χ2) = 0.187 P (χ2) = 0.38 P (χ2) = 0.33 P (χ2 = 0.60  
   25-44 178 10.8 1.00 (ref) 128 13.7 1.00 (ref)  
   ≥ 45-64 214 15.8 1.25 (0.52, 2.98) 162 17.0 1.27 (0.75, 2.14) 0.37
   ≥ 65 120 26.7 2.05 (0.44, 9.54) 80 10.0 0.90 (0.28, 2.83)  
Family status   P (χ2) = 0.32 P (χ2) = 0.33 P (χ2) = 0.12 P (χ2 = 0.07  
   Not cohabitating 32 6.6 1.00 (ref) 70 10.2 1.00 (ref)  
   Married/defacto 480 13.6 2.35 (0.42, 13.2) 300 15.8 1.83 (0.95, 3.55) 0.32
Education   P (χ2) = 0.99 P (χ2) = 0.57 P (χ2) = 0.86 P (χ2 = 0.99  
   < HS 304 13.2 1.00 (ref) 147 16.1 1.00 (ref)  
   HSC 118 12.6 1.09 (0.45, 2.65) 91 14.2 0.99 (0.54, 1.83) 0.80
   University 90 12.6 1.37 (0.47, 3.85) 131 13.7 0.98 (0.55, 1.77)  
Work status   P (χ2) = 0.09 P (χ2) = 0.11 P (χ2) = 0.92 P (χ2 = 0.24  
   Paid job 341 10.7 1.00 (ref) 260 15.3 1.00 (ref)  
   Pensioner 77 20.0 1.66 (0.41, 6.78) 62 14.3 0.59 (0.17, 2.09) 0.49
   Other 88 24.7 2.45 (0.81, 7.44) 48 13.9 1.60 (0.82, 3.10)  
Religiosity   P (χ2 = 0.77 P (χ2) = 0.68 P (χ2) = 0.38 P (χ2 = 0.06  
   Orthodox 165 14.7 1.00 (ref) 146 11.5 1.00 (ref)  
   Traditional 310 12.8 0.94 (0.41, 2.16) 101 18.6 2.06 (1.11, 3.81) 0.17
   Secular 37 8.9 0.64 (0.12, 3.54) 121 15.0 1.63 (0.88, 3.01)  
  Palestinian women (N = 449) Israeli women (N = 331)  
Age group P (χ2) < 0.0001 P (χ2) < 0.0001 P (χ2) = 0.38 P (χ2) = 0.043  
   25-44 158 20.3 1.00 (ref) 87 13.0 1.00 (ref)  
   ≥ 45-64 190 33.4 2.38 (1.22, 4.62) 159 10.0 0.54 (0.29; 1.00) < 0.0001
   ≥ 65 101 69.3 11.6 (3.21, 42.0) 85 15.3 1.39 (0.58, 3.35)  
Family status   P (χ2) = 0.028 P (χ2) = 0.82 P (χ2) = 0.037 P (χ2) = 0.014  
   Not cohabitating 140 38.4 1.00 (ref) 114 8.4 1.00 (ref)  
   Married/defacto 307 23.7 0.91 (0.41, 2.03) 217 14.3 2.12 (1.16, 3.88) 0.017
Education   P (χ2) = 0.026 P (χ2) = 0.023   P (χ2) = 0.11 P (χ2) = 0.07  
   < HS 314 29.0 1.00 (ref) 121 16.4 1.00 (ref)  
   HSC 93 31.3 1.30 (0.41, 2.74) 79 10.0 0.47 (0.23, 0.96)  
   University 40 7.2 0.14 (0.03, 0.71) 131 10.3 0.53 (0.28, 1.01) 0.050
Work status   P (χ2) = 0.78 P (χ2) = 0.067   P (χ2) = 0.11 P (χ2) = 0.10  
   Paid job 42 31.3 1.00 (ref) 177 11.9 1.00 (ref)  
   Housewife 393 26.2 0.32 (0.11, 0.96) 57 17.8 1.66 (0.78, 3.52) 0.227
   Otherc 11 32.3 0.04 (0.01, 2.33) 97 8.5 0.57 (0.25, 1.31)  
Religiosity   P (χ2) = 0.49 P (χ2) = 0.46   P (χ2) = 0.46 P (χ2) = 0.022  
   Orthodox 197 28.6 1.00 (ref) 119 10.9 1.00 (ref)  
   Other 249 24.8 0.79 (0.43, 1.47) 210 13.0 2.11 (1.12, 4.00) 0.29
  1. a AOR = odds ratios adjusted for all covariates in the model b P = Interaction by ethnicity c = Palestinian women in "other" comprises of pensioners (n = 1), volunteers (n = 3) handicapped (n = 4) and unemployed (n = 3)