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Table 3 Association of gender, age-group, employment status and household income with attitude toward children with paralytic poliomyelitis

From: Children with paralytic poliomyelitis: a cross-sectional study of knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of parents in Zamfara state, Nigeria

Variables Positive attitude n (%) Negative attitude n (%) Total n (%) χ2 P
Gender      
Male 12 (37.5) 20 (62.5) 32 (14.7)   
Female 108 (58.4) 77 (41.6) 185 (85.3) 4.81 0.020*
Total 120 (55.3) 97 (44.7) 217 (100)   
Educational level      
Nil 21 (45.7) 25 (54.3) 46 (21.2)   
Primary 56 (58.3) 40 (41.7) 96 (44.2)   
Secondary 35 (68.6) 16 (31.4) 51 (23.5) 10.43 0.015*
Tertiary 16 (66.7) 8 (33.3) 24 (11.1)   
Total 120 (55.3) 97 (44.7) 217 (100)   
Age group (years)      
16-30 72 (61.0) 46 (39.0) 118 (54.4)   
31-45 32 (47.1) 36 (52.9) 68 (31.1)   
46-60 12 (59.0) 12 (50.0) 24 (11.1) 3.71 0.294
61-64 4 (57.1) 3 (42.9) 7 (3.2)   
Total 120 (55.3) 97 (44.7) 217 (100)   
Employment status      
Unemployed 31 (40.8) 45 (59.2) 76 (35.0)   
Self Employed 55 (64.0) 31 (36.0) 86 (39.6)   
Paid Employment 34 (61.8) 21(38.2) 55 (25.3) 10.02 0.010*
Total 120 (55.3) 97 (44.7) 217 (100)   
Household income      
Low income 48 (45.7) 57 (54.3) 105 (48.4)   
Middle income 62 (66.0) 32 (34.0) 94 (43.3)   
Moderate/High 10 (55.5) 8 (44.4) 18 (8.3) 8.22 0.016*
Total 120 (55.3) 97 (44.7) 217 (100)   
  1. Key: *= significant P value, n= number of respondents %= percentage of respondents inc= income.