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Table 4 Cross-sectional association of effort-reward imbalance with poor or moderate work ability

From: Effort-reward imbalance and work ability: cross-sectional and longitudinal findings from the Second German Sociomedical Panel of Employees

  Crude associations Model 1.1 Model 1.2 Model 1.3
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR  
Gender: female 1.756*** (1.407; 2.192) 1.804*** (1.405; 2.316) 1.850*** (1.438; 2.380) 1.672*** (1.270; 2.202)
Age 1.047*** (1.021; 1.074) 1.061*** (1.031; 1.092) 1.061*** (1.031; 1.092) 1.085*** (1.050; 1.120)
Low educational level 2.067*** (1.657; 2.577) 1.766*** (1.382; 2.256) 1.731*** (1.353; 2.214) 1.606** (1.217; 2.120)
Health-related behaviour 0.858* (0.759; 0.970)    0.888 (0.774; 1.019) 0.911 (0.782; 1.060)
Physical demands 1.601*** (1.487; 1.724)      1.291*** (1.192; 1.398)
Psychological job demands 2.661*** (2.331; 3.036)      1.880*** (1.584; 2.232)
Job control 0.315*** (0.263; 0.376)      0.409*** (0.334; 0.500)
ERI: ER ratio > 1 5.736*** (4.471; 7.359) 6.056*** (4.678; 7.840) 6.005*** (4.637; 7.776) 1.980*** (1.428; 2.747)
N-R2    0.227   0.230   0.404  
  1. n = 1501; ERI, effort-reward imbalance; ER ratio, effort-reward ratio; OR, odds ratio; CI, confidence interval; N-R2, Nagelkerke-R2; *** p < 0.001; ** p < 0.01; * p < 0.05.