Skip to main content

Table 6 Odds ratios (ORs) of having sickness benefits or disability pension in women (n=9 758)

From: Self-reported hearing difficulties, main income sources, and socio-economic status; a cross-sectional population-based study in Sweden

   Model 1:
Crudea
  Model 2:
Age-adjusteda
  Model 3:
Age- and SES-adjusteda
  Model 4:
Full factoriala,b
Independent variable   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)
Age (years)         
 20-24   1     1   1
 25-34   1.84 (1.13-3.00)     1.98 (1.21-3.23)   1.95 (1.19-3.18)
 35-44   4.70 (2.99-7.39)     4.90 (3.09-7.76)   4.62 (2.92-7.32)
 45-54   8.94 (5.72-13.97)     9.13 (5.79-14.38)   8.29 (5.26-13.07)
 55-64   16.93 (10.87-26.35)     16.76 (10.67-26.33)   15.32 (9.75-24.08)
SES         
 Professional work level   1   1     1
 Intermediate non-manual work level   1.44 (1.12-1.86)   1.44 (1.11-1.86)     1.38 (1.06-1.80)
 Assistant non-manual work level   2.49 (1.93-3.21)   2.38 (1.83-3.08)     2.27 (1.75-2.95)
 Self-employed non-professional work level   1.43 (0.99-2.06)   1.24 (0.85-1.80)     1.18 (0.81-1.72)
 Skilled manual work level   2.59 (2.00-3.36)   2.83 (2.17-3.68)     2.55 (1.95-3.33)
 Unskilled/semiskilled manual work level   3.73 (2.94-4.74)   4.27 (3.34-5.46)     3.74 (2.91-4.80)
 Students   0.15 (0.07-0.31)   0.47 (0.22-0.99)     0.41 (0.19-0.87)
Self-reported hearing difficulties         
 No   1   1   1   1
 Yes   2.38 (2.03-2.79)   1.86 (1.57-2.19)   1.70 (1.43-2.01)   1.68 (1.42-1.99)
Type of living area         
 Urban   1   1   1   1
 Semi-urban   1.37 (1.19-1.58)   1.30 (1.12-1.50)   1.15 (0.99-1.34)   1.17 (1.01-1.37)
 Sparsely populated   1.86 (1.61-2.15)   1.65 (1.42-1.92)   1.34 (1.15-1.57)   1.39 (1.19-1.63)
Country of birth         
 Sweden   1   1   1   1
 Elsewhere   1.32 (1.13-1.55)   1.39 (1.17-1.64)   1.29 (1.08-1.53)   1.37 (1.15-1.63)
  1. aAge included as a categorical variable. bIncluded independent variables are age, socio-economic status (SES), self-reported hearing difficulties, type of living area, and country of birth.