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Table 5 Odds ratios (ORs) of having sickness benefits or disability pension in men (n=9 287)

From: Self-reported hearing difficulties, main income sources, and socio-economic status; a cross-sectional population-based study in Sweden

   Model 1:
Crudea
  Model 2:
Age-adjusteda
  Model 3:
Age- and SES-adjusteda
  Model 4:
Full factoriala,b
Independent variable   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)   OR (95% CI)
Age (years)         
 20-24   1     1   1
 25-34   2.33 (1.08-5.02)     2.75 (1.27-5.97)   2.65 (1.22-5.75)
 35-44   5.62 (2.73-11.60)     7.06 (3.38-14.75)   6.57 (3.15-13.71)
 45-54   12.89 (6.33-26.23)     15.99 (7.74-33.04)   14.45 (7.00-29.83)
 55-64   31.41 (15.54-63.51)     39.77 (19.36-81.68)   35.88 (17.47-73.67)
SES         
 Professional work level   1   1     1
 Intermediate non-manual work level   1.82 (1.26-2.64)   1.82 (1.25-2.64)     1.80 (1.23-2.62)
 Assistant non-manual work level   3.50 (2.40-5.13)   3.78 (2.56-5.58)     3.68 (2.49-5.44)
 Self-employed non-professional work level   3.21 (2.21-4.66)   2.83 (1.94-4.13)     2.68 (1.83-3.92)
 Skilled manual work level   4.16 (2.98-5.82)   5.06 (3.59-7.11)     4.57 (3.23-6.45)
 Unskilled/semiskilled manual work level   4.55 (3.26-6.34)   5.71 (4.07-8.01)     5.16 (3.66-7.28)
 Students   0.45 (0.20-1.01)   2.45 (1.06-5.68)     2.02 (0.87-4.70)
Self-reported hearing difficulties         
 No   1   1   1   1
 Yes   2.39 (2.01-2.85)   1.52 (1.26-1.82)   1.36 (1.12-1.64)   1.36 (1.13-1.64)
Type of living area         
 Urban   1   1   1   1
 Semi-urban   1.25 (1.03-1.50)   1.21 (1.00-1.47)   1.03 (0.85-1.26)   1.07 (0.88-1.31)
 Sparsely populated   1.77 (1.47-2.13)   1.55 (1.28-1.87)   1.20 (0.98-1.46)   1.29 (1.06-1.58)
Country of birth         
 Sweden   1   1   1   1
 Elsewhere   1.64 (1.34-2.00)   1.85 (1.50-2.28)   1.71 (1.37-2.12)   1.81 (1.45-2.25)
  1. aAge included as a categorical variable. bIncluded independent variables are age, socio-economic status (SES), self-reported hearing difficulties, type of living area, and country of birth.