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Table 1 Basic characteristics of the study population (n=19 045)

From: Self-reported hearing difficulties, main income sources, and socio-economic status; a cross-sectional population-based study in Sweden

  Men Women
  Total With hearing difficulties With sickness benefits or disability pension Total With hearing difficulties With sickness benefits or disability pension
Variable n (% of total men) n (% of total men within row) n (% of total men within row) n (% of total women) n (% of total women within row) n (% of total women within row)
Gender 9 287 (100.0) 1 213 (13.1) 776 (8.4) 9 758 (100.0) 956 (9.8) 1 359 (13.9)
Age (years)       
 20-24 963 (10.4) 51 (5.3) 8 (0.8) 915 (9.4) 50 (5.5) 21 (2.3)
 25-34 1 935 (20.8) 140 (7.2) 37 (1.9) 1 951 (20.0) 110 (5.6) 81 (4.2)
 35-44 2 245 (24.2) 221 (9.8) 101 (4.5) 2 445 (25.1) 186 (7.6) 243 (9.9)
 45-54 2 104 (22.7) 292(13.9) 205 (9.7) 2 264 (23.2) 283 (12.5) 393 (17.4)
 55-64 2 040 (22.0) 509 (25.0) 425 (20.8) 2 183 (22.4) 327 (15.0) 621 (28.4)
Socio-economic status       
 Professional work level 1 416 (15.2) 123 (8.7) 43 (3.0) 1 205 (12.3) 81 (6.7) 88 (7.3)
 Intermediate non-manual work level 1 704 (18.3) 204 (12.0) 92 (5.4) 2 236 (22.9) 193 (8.6) 228 (10.2)
 Assistant non-manual work level 819 (8.8) 90 (11.0) 81 (9.9) 1 647 (16.9) 165 (10.0) 270 (16.4)
 Self-employed non-professional  work level 996 (10.7) 142 (14.3) 91 (9.1) 475 (4.9) 37 (7.8) 48 (10.1)
 Skilled manual work level 1 899 (20.4) 318 (16.7) 219 (11.5) 1 361 (13.9) 150 (11.0) 231 (17.0)
 Unskilled/semiskilled  manual work level 1 949 (21.0) 302 (15.5) 243 (12.5) 2 139 (21.9) 283 (13.2) 486 (22.7)
 Students 504 (5.4) 34 (6.7) 7 (1.4) 695 (7.1) 47 (6.8) 8 (1.2)
Type of living area       
 Urban 3 220 (34.7) 342 (10.6) 210 (6.5) 3 553 (36.4) 293 (8.2) 378 (10.6)
 Semi-urban 3 365 (36.2) 453 (13.5) 269 (8.0) 3 499 (35.9) 349 (10.0) 491 (14.0)
 Sparsely populated 2 702 (29.1) 418 (15.5) 297 (11.0) 2 706 (27.7) 314 (11.6) 490 (18.1)
Country of birth       
 Sweden 8 226 (88.6) 1 078 (13.1) 646 (7.9) 8 529 (87.4) 828 (9.7) 1 149 (13.5)
 Elsewhere 1 061 (11.4) 135 (12.7) 130 (12.3) 1 229 (12.6) 128 (10.4) 210 (17.1)
Main income source       
 Work 7 355 (79.2) 885 (12.0) 0 (0) 6 949 (71.2) 589 (8.5) 0 (0)
 Parental benefits 19 (0.2) 3 (15.8) 0 (0) 276 (2.8) 14 (5.1) 0 (0)
 Student allowance 230 (2.5) 15 (6.5) 0 (0) 327 (3.4) 22 (6.7) 0 (0)
 Social assistance 42 (0.5) 5 (11.9) 0 (0) 44 (0.5) 4 (9.1) 0 (0)
 Unemployment benefits 495 (5.3) 76 (15.4) 0 (0) 393 (4.0) 54 (13.7) 0 (0)
 Sickness benefits 228 (2.5) 45 (19.7) 228 (100.0) 424 (4.3) 61 (14.4) 424 (100.0)
 Disability pension 548 (5.9) 146 (26.6) 548 (100.0) 935 (9.6) 184 (19.7) 935 (100.0)
 Miscellaneous 370 (4.0) 38 (10.3) 0 (0) 410 (4.2) 28 (6.8) 0 (0)