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Table 5 Summary of self-efficacy, measured with Stanford questionnaire on chronic disease for three study arms (continued)

From: The implementation of a community-based aerobic walking program for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA): a knowledge translation (KT) randomized controlled trial (RCT): Part I: The Uptake of the Ottawa Panel clinical practice guidelines (CPGs)

  Baseline 12 months 18 months
  W WB C W WB C W WB C
  N N N N N N N N N
Variables Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD Mean±SD
     W.Vs. C(P) W.Vs. C(P) W.Vs. W(P) W.Vs. C(P) W.Vs. C(P) W.Vs. W(P)
Coping 79 69 73 44 44 40 44 41 36
With 1.069±794 1.126±0.775 1.013±0.946 0.864±0.771 1.239±0.730 1.192±0.835 1.064±0.952 1.388±0.856 1.342±1.127
Symptoms     (0.091) (0.858) (0.057) (0.190) (0.793) (0.286)
Confidence 79 69 73 44 44 39 43 41 36
About 7.406±1.719 7.827±1.488 7.858±1.512 7.826±1.551 7.682±1.785 8.064±1.575 7.690±1.920 7.546±1.848 8.015±1.476
Doing Things     (0.433) (0.297) (0.060) (0.235) (0.422) *(0.041)
  1. (Higher is better) W: Walking only group; WB: Walking and Behavioural Group; C: Self-directed group (unsupervised/self-directed); N: number of subjects in each comparative group; SD: standard deviation; vs: versus; data is presented as mean (standard deviation); p: p-value (statistical significance); * Statistically significant.