Skip to main content

Table 3 The association between short-term sick leave and long-term sick leave, disability pension and unemployment

From: Short-term sick leave and future risk of sickness absence and unemployment - the impact of health status

Regression model   Sick leave >30 days in 2007 (n=582) Disability pension in 2007 (n=109) Unemployment in 2006 ≤180 days (n=343) Unemployment in 2006 >180 days (n=103)
Short-term sick-leave spells (STSL) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Crude No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.40 (1.15-1.70) 0.72 (0.46-1.12) 1.10 (0.86-1.43) 1.10 (0.73-1.68)
  High STSL 2.00 (1.62-2.46) 0.72 (0.42-1.24) 1.76 (1.35-2.29) 0.54 (0.28-1.04)
Model 1 (M1): Short- term sick leave adjusted for socio-demographic factors No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.48 (1.21-1.81) 0.81 (0.51-1.28) 1.01 (0.77-1.31) 1.34 (0.86-2.07)
  High STSL 2.27 (1.81-2.84) 1.08 (0.62-1.90) 1.33 (1.00-1.76) 0.70 (0.35-1.42)
Model 2: M1 and self-rated health (SRH) No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.47 (1.20-1.81) 0.75 (0.47-1.19) 1.01 (0.78-1.32) 1.32 (0.85-2.06)
  High STSL 2.16 (1.72-2.72) 0.85 (0.48-1.50) 1.34 (1.01-1.78) 0.65 (0.32-1.33)
Model 3: M1 and limiting longstanding illness (LLSI) No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.48 (1.21-1.82) 0.81 (0.51-1.29) 0.99 (0.76-1.29) 1.34 (0.86-2.07)
  High STSL 2.16 (1.72-2.71) 0.93 (0.53-1.64) 1.32 (0.99-1.75) 0.68 (0.33-1.37)
Model 4: M1 and mental wellbeing (GHQ12) No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.51 (1.22-1.85) 0.78 (0.49-1.23) 1.01 (0.77-1.31) 1.33 (0.86-2.08)
  High STSL 2.29 (1.82-2.87) 1.02 (0.58-1.80) 1.25 (0.93-1.67) 0.60 (0.29-1.25)
Model 5: M1 and musculoskeletal pain No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.47 (1.19-1.80) 0.76 (0.48-1.21) 1.01 (0.77-1.31) 1.31 (0.84-2.03)
  High STSL 2.18 (1.74-2.73) 0.94 (0.54-1.65) 1.34 (1.01-1.78) 0.66 (0.33-1.34)
Model 5: M1 and somatic disease No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.47 (1.20-1.80) 0.81 (0.52-1.29) 0.99 (0.76-1.29) 1.37 (0.88-2.13)
  High STSL 2.24 (1.78-2.81) 1.07 (0.61-1.88) 1.34 (1.01-1.78) 0.72 (0.36-1.46)
Model 7: M1 and in-patient care in 2002 No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.47 (1.20-1.80) 0.78 (0.50-1.24) 1.00 (0.77-1.30) 1.35 (0.87-2.09)
  High STSL 2.26 (1.80-2.83) 1.07 (0.61-1.87) 1.32 (1.00-1.76) 0.71 (0.35-1.43)
Model 8: M1 and GHQ12, SRH, LLSI, musculoskeletal pain, somatic disease, in-patient care in 2002 No STSL 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
  Low STSL 1.49 (1.21-1.85) 0.73 (0.45-1.18) 0.98 (0.75-1.29) 1.37 (0.87-2.14)
  High STSL 2.11 (1.67-2.67) 0.74 (0.42-1.33) 1.29 (0.97-1.74) 0.56 (0.26-1.18)
  1. Odds ratios (OR) of the outcomes, (with 95% confidence interval (CI)) among individuals with high (> one sick-leave spell), low (one sick-leave spell) and no short-term sick leave (STSL). Crude OR are shown, followed by seven multivariate models adjusted for health status and socio-demographic factors.