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Table 1 Outline of 'FRIENDS for Life' (based on Barrett and Pahl [28])

From: Study design of 'FRIENDS for Life': process and effect evaluation of an indicated school-based prevention programme for childhood anxiety and depression

Session Number Content of Session - Major Learning Objectives
Session 1 Rapport building and introduction of group participants
Establishing group guidelines
Normalisation of anxiety and individual differences in anxiety reactions
Session 2 Psycho-education regarding identification of various emotions
Introduce the relationship between thoughts and feelings
Session 3 F: Feelings (Identifying body signs of anxiety)
R: Remember to relax. Have a quiet time. (Relaxation activities and identification of pleasant or distracting activities to do when feeling worried or sad)
Session 4 I: I can do it! I can try my best! (Identifying self-talk, introducing helpful green thoughts and unhelpful red thoughts)
Session 5 Attention training (looking for positive aspects in difficult situations)
Challenging unhelpful red thoughts
E: Explore solutions and Coping Step Plans (introducing coping step plans/graded exposure to fear hierarchies, setting goals and breaking problems into small steps)
Session 6 Problem-solving skills (6-Stage Problem-Solving Plan)
Coping Role models
Social support plans
Session 7 N: Now reward yourself! You've done your best!
Session 8 D: Don't forget to practise (practising the FRIENDS skills)
S: Smile! Stay calm for life! (Reflect on ways to cope in difficult situations)
Session 9 Generalising skills of FRIENDS to various difficult situations
Teaching others how to use the FRIENDS coping skills
Session 10 Skills for maintenance of the FRIENDS strategies
Preparing for minor set-backs that may occur
Booster 1 Review of FRIENDS strategies and preparing for future challenges
Booster 2* Review of FRIENDS strategies and preparing for future challenges
  1. * This session is not implemented in the present study (see Methods)