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Table 5 Intention and main agents causing deaths from poisoning inside and outside hospitals in Oslo

From: A one-year observational study of all hospitalized and fatal acute poisonings in Oslo: Epidemiology, intention and follow-up

   Hospital n (%) Outside n (%) Total n (%)
Age (years) Median 42 41 41
  IQR 26–77 29–51 29–51
Sex Males 2 (25) 86 (79) 88 (75)
  Females 6 (75) 23 (21) 29 (25)
Intention AOSA 3 (38) 67 (62) 70 (58)
  Other accidents 1 (13) 20 (18) 21 (21)
  Definite suicide 3 (38) 9 (8) 12 (10)
  Possible suicide 1 (13) 9 (8) 10 (9)
  Open verdict 0 (0) 4 (4) 4 (3)
Main agent Opioids 4 (50) 68 (62) 72 (62)
  CO 1 (13) 10 (9) 11 (9)
  Ethanol 0 (0) 7 (6) 7 (6)
  Codeine (+ paracetamol)* 0 (0) 6 (6) 6 (5)
  Cardiovascular drugs 1 (13) 1 (1) 2 (2)
  Benzodiazepines 1 (13) 3 (3) 4 (3)
  Other illegal 0 (0) 3 (3) 3 (3)
  Anti-depressants 0 (0) 3 (3) 3 (3)
  Anti-epileptics 0 (0) 3 (3) 3 (3)
  Other 1 (13) 5 (5) 6 (5)
Co-agent(s) Yes 5 (63) 93 (85) 98 (84)
No 3 (38) 16 (15) 19 (16)
Total   8 (100) 109 (100) 117 (100)
  1. AOSA accidental overdoses with substances of abuse, IQR interquartile range.
  2. *Combination drug Of the deaths by opioids, nine were due to methadone. The patient who died of benzodiazepines in hospital was 75-years-old, while the three patients who died outside hospital had taken multiple toxic agents. Of the deaths by CO, one was caused by car engine smoke, while the remainder were caused by fire smoke. The death in hospital by “other” was caused by insulin.