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Table 2 Contemporaneous and one- to 10-year lagged effects of determinants on life expectancy for 119 countries from 1970 to 2004 as estimated by linear mixed models

From: Political and social determinants of life expectancy in less developed countries: a longitudinal study

    Parameter estimates
Models N n β 0 P Value β 1 P Value β 2 P Value β 3 P Value β 4 P Value β 5 P Value p
Lag 0 119 1268 34.505 <0.001 0.147 <0.001 3.955 <0.001 0.104 <0.001 0.035 <0.001 0.017 0.155 0.983
Lag 1 118 1228 35.470 <0.001 0.142 <0.001 3.891 <0.001 0.101 <0.001 0.034 <0.001 0.020 0.107 0.982
Lag 2 116 1114 35.670 <0.001 0.131 <0.001 3.978 <0.001 0.103 <0.001 0.033 <0.001 0.025 0.069 0.978
Lag 3 116 1001 34.888 <0.001 0.105 <0.001 4.107 <0.001 0.119 <0.001 0.033 <0.001 0.034 0.028 0.972
Lag 4 116 889 33.674 <0.001 0.086 <0.001 4.218 <0.001 0.129 <0.001 0.045 <0.001 0.048 0.005 0.963
Lag 5 116 889 34.378 <0.001 0.078 0.003 4.285 <0.001 0.121 <0.001 0.044 <0.001 0.056 0.002 0.964
Lag 6 116 889 35.280 <0.001 0.072 0.007 4.298 <0.001 0.114 <0.001 0.043 <0.001 0.063 <0.001 0.965
Lag 7 116 889 36.162 <0.001 0.064 0.017 4.292 <0.001 0.107 <0.001 0.043 <0.001 0.071 <0.001 0.966
Lag 8 116 793 35.153 <0.001 0.030 0.278 4.613 <0.001 0.119 <0.001 0.043 <0.001 0.084 <0.001 0.957
Lag 9 116 697 34.049 <0.001 -0.005 0.861 4.915 <0.001 0.132 <0.001 0.045 <0.001 0.098 <0.001 0.944
Lag 10 113 582 31.609 <0.001 -0.056 0.092 5.503 <0.001 0.140 <0.001 0.058 <0.001 0.143 <0.001 0.920
  1. N = number of countries; n = number of observations; ρ = estimate of the first order autocorrelation coefficient
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