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Table 2 Unstandardized linear regression ( b ) coefficients obtained from predicting the sense of control (−16 to +16) at the 9-year follow-up in the African American Health cohort, N = 582

From: Childhood school segregation and later life sense of control and physical performance in the African American Health cohort

Variable Model 1 Model 2 Model 3 Model 4 Model 5
Focal Variable
Segregated Schooling
≥ 50% of Grades 1-12 0.990** 1.239*** 0.844** 0.922** 0.886**
1-49% of Grades 1-12 0.635 0.541 0.192 0.186 0.101
No Segregated Schooling in Grades 1-12 (reference category)
Regional Schooling Effects
Majority of Schooling Occurred in the …
Southern States   −0.857* −0.426 −0.488 −0.477
Missouri (reference category)
Other States   2.093** 1.272 1.279 1.235
Demographics, Socioeconomic Status, and Health Status
Age (in years, 58–74)    0.020 0.010 0.008
Men (vs. women)    0.721* 0.722* 0.627
Marital Status
Divorced or Separated    0.273 0.277 0.228
Widowed    0.324 0.298 0.277
Never Married    0.090 0.012 −0.004
Married (reference category)
Educational Attainment (1 = grade school, 2 = high school, 3 = college)    0.917*** 0.953*** 0.939***
Employment Status
Working for Pay    1.165** 1.188** 1.152**
Disabled    −1.133* −1.011 −0.812
Retired (reference category)
Annual Household Income < $25 K    −0.779* −0.762* −0.733*
Self-Rated Health (1 = poor, …, 5 = excellent)    0.546*** 0.537** 0.519**
Racial Consciousness, Community Responsibility, and Perceived Discrimination
Constantly Thinks About One’s Race (1 = yes, 0 = no)     −0.071 −0.090
Responsible to Move the African American Community Forward (1 = strongly disagree, …, 5 = strongly agree)     0.164 0.116
Perceived Discrimination (9 = highest, …, 36 = lowest)     −0.067 −0.068
Resilience
Resilience (5 = lowest, …, 50 = highest)      0.043
Intercept 3.727*** 3.776*** −1.443 −0.318 −1.640
R-squared .014** .040*** .165*** .171*** .175***
  1. * = p < .05; ** = p < .01; *** = p < .001.