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Table 5 Comparison of energy and macronutrient intakes as a percentage of Dietary Reference Intakes of women in different socioeconomic groups

From: Predictors of overweight and obesity in adult women in Nairobi Province, Kenya

  Lower Upper-lower Middle Lower-upper Upper Total Chi-square p values
Energy% DRI 115.3a 116.5 a 113.2a 129.5 a 113.9 a 117.9 0.430
50.1 44.3 56.9 63.1 66.7 55.4  
Protein% DRI 160.3 153.7 a 177.6 a 206.7 208.9 177.8 0.034d
SD 99.8 66.3 94.4 104.6 259.3 123.2  
Fat% DRI 73.1 a 80.9 a 89.2 a 93.8 a 77.2 a 83.1 0.13
SD 37.5 65.7 49.3 53.2 46.4 52.0  
CHO% DRI 99.8 a 101.5 a 91.3 a 88.0 a 71.4 92.7 0.016 d
SD 44.3 41.2 56.9 44.1 48.9 47.9  
Fibre% DRI 150.7 a 146.3 a 116.1 a 104.2 82.5 124.6 <0.001f
SD 74.1 76.8 115.2 103.2 76.9 94.5  
PUFA% DRI 137.4 a 166.0 a 179.5 171.8 123.5 a 159.1 0.078
SD 102.6 119.3 112.9 159.3 94.5 122.5  
Cholesterol DRI 152.2 a 147.9 a 185.2 219.4 97.1 a 166.7 0.011d
SD 166.9 146.0 185.0 223.6 165.9 182.7  
Alcohol mean (g) SD 1.8 a 0.7 a 1.1 a 45.3 78.2 18.8 <0.001f
  11.9 6.2 9.2 127.2 239.8 101.6  
  1. DRI = Dietary Reference Intakes SD = standard deviation; CHO = carbohydrate.
  2. a,b,c Significant differences between means if letter is not the same (Bonferroni test); d Significant difference p <0.05; f Significant difference p <0.001.