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Table 1 Percent women consuming different foods in the preceding 7 days by socio-economic status

From: Predictors of overweight and obesity in adult women in Nairobi Province, Kenya

  Lower Upper-lower Middle Lower-upper Upper Total Chi-square P value
Cereals/roots        
Rice 62.7 68.9 90.5 83.3 80.6 76.9 p <0.001**
Maize porridge 76.0 63.5 83.3 75.7 30.6 70.0 p <0.001**
Maize whole 72.0 54.1 67.6 55.4 33.3 57.0 p = 0.114
Potato chips 26.5 50.0 48.6 60.8 63.9 28.2 p <0.001**
Mandazi 68.0 63.5 36.5 29.7 8.3 45.0 p <0.001**
Dairy products        
Whole cows milk 93.3 89.2 93.2 93.2 91.7 92.2 p = 0.659
Yogurt 9.3 18.9 28.4 52.7 66.7 31.5 p <0.001**
Ice-cream 2.7 9.5 28.4 45.9 63.9 26.1 p <0.001**
Meat & eggs        
Beef 70.7 74.3 83.8 93.2 83.3 80.8 p <0.001**
Fish 78.0 62.2 43.2 48.6 75.0 58.6 p <0.001**
Chicken 38.7 28.4 55.4 67.6 69.4 49.8 p <0.001**
Eggs 45.3 59.5 58.1 74.3 77.8 61.3 p <0.001**
Legumes & nuts        
Dry beans 58.7 60.8 82.4 67.6 33.3 63.7 p <0.001**
Groundnuts 57.3 62.2 58.1 59.5 77.8 38.7 p = 0.672
Sugar, sweetened drinks & treats        
Added sugar 97.3 93.2 94.6 87.7 86.1 92.5 p <0.006*
Biscuits 13.3 35.1 28.4 39.2 58.3 32.1 p <0.001**
Sweets 18.7 35.1 33.8 36.5 25.0 30.3 p = 0.007*
Sweet drinks 52.0 56.8 75.7 68.9 63.9 63.4 p = 0.006*
Alcohol 12.0 17.6 17.6 47.3 72.2 28.8 p <0.001**
Spreads (fats)        
Margarine 40.0 47.3 77.0 39.2 16.7 47.1 p <0.001**
Butter 0.4 1.4 12.2 29.7 47.2 15.0 p <0.001**
Fruits/vegetables        
Bananas 68.0 75.7 86.5 89.2 83.3 80.2 p <0.001**
Apples 14.7 27.0 33.8 56.8 75.0 37.5 p <0.001**
Kale 90.7 94.6 82.4 74.3 50.0 81.7 p <0.001**
Cabbage 90.7 67.6 71.6 91.9 88.9 75.7 p <0.001**
  1. *Significant difference at p <0.01; **Significant difference at p <0.001;mandazi = deep fried doughnut.