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Table 3 Associations between the index for social activities at baseline and the z-scores of body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-hip ratio (WHR) eleven years later as adults

From: Leisure time activities in adolescence in the presence of susceptibility genes for obesity: risk or resilience against overweight in adulthood? The HUNT study

    Girls     Boys  
B SE P CI (95%) B SE P CI (95%)
BMI
Model 1 .016 .011 .14 -.01 to .04 .009 .009 .37 -.01 to .03
Model 2 .022 .017 .20 -.01 to .06 .027 .013 .05 .0 to .05
WC
Model 1 .019 .012 .11 .0 to .04 .008 .011 .46 -.01 to .03
Model 2 .040 .019 .03 .0 to .08 .029 .015 .06 .0 to .06
WHR
Model 1 .015 .013 .24 -.01 to .04 .020 .012 .12 -.01 to .04
Model 2 .027 .022 .21 -.02 to .07 .024 .018 .18 -.01 to .06
  1. Girls n: 603; Boys n: 520. Excluded: overweight and underweight, pregnant, disabled physically or psychologically in daily activities.
  2. Model 1 Unadjusted effect of exposure on the outcome measure at follow-up.
  3. Model 2. Adjusted in for pubertal development at baseline, physical activity change, socio-economic status at follow-up.
  4. Social activities: visiting some one you know, receiving a visitor, being out for more than two hours with friends, being at a meeting or training in an organization or a club.
  5. We assigned values from 1 to 4 for each answer-category regarding frequency (Not once (1), Once (2), 2–3 times (3), 4 times or more (4) in the last 7 days) and made a continuous variable by adding the scores for each activity (range 4–16).
  6. Employed GEE linear type model. (N: 1123 normal-weight adolescents).