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Table 3 Predictors of dieting, binge eating, and irregular eating in women and men

From: Gender differences in disordered eating and weight dissatisfaction in Swiss adults: Which factors matter?

  Dieting to lose weight Binge eating Irregular eating
Men (n = 515) Women (n = 1068) Men (n = 4016) Women (n = 4603) Men (n = 4017) Women (n = 4602)
OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI) OR (95%CI)
Weight dissatisfaction 2.35*** (1.53-3.60) 3.30*** (2.43-4.48) 2.18*** (1.59-2.98) 2.68*** (2.01-3.57) 1.47*** (1.21-1.78) 1.45*** (1.22-1.72)
Weight category Δ
Normal weight 1   1   1   1   1    
Underweight + + 0.05*** (0.01-0.23) 2.14 (0.72-6.39) 0.90 (0.50-1.61) 1.86 (0.88-3.96) 1.04 (0.78-1.39)
Overweight 2.15** (1.35-3.42) 1.21 (0.86-1.70) 1.25 (0.90-1.73) 1.00 (0.70-1.43) 1.07 (0.88-1.29) 1.06 (0.85-1.34)
Obese 3.00** (1.54-5.85) 0.73 (0.48-1.10) 1.59 (0.96-2.62) 1.80** (1.18-2.74) 1.29 (0.93-1.80) 1.23 (0.89-1.70)
Nationality             
Swiss 1   1   1   1   1    
Other nationality 0.65 (0.37-1.12) 1.66* (1.09-2.52) 0.88 (0.61-1.28) 1.26 (0.91-1.75) 1.37** (1.12-1.70) 1.51*** (1.24-1.85)
Smoking             
Non-smoker 1   1   1   1   1   1  
Former smoker 0.96 (0.61-1.52) 1.34 (0.97-1.87) 0.96 (0.64-1.43) 1.07 (0.76-1.51) 1.14 (0.89-1.46) 0.94 (0.74-1.19)
Smoker 1.57 (0.96-2.57) 0.92 (0.66-1.29) 0.88 (0.65-1.20) 0.74 (0.55-1.00) 1.91*** (1.60-2.28) 2.11*** (1.79-2.49)
Age             
18-24 1   1   1   1   1    
25-34 0.60 (0.21-1.71) 1.01 (0.51-2.00) 0.94 (0.61-1.44) 0.93 (0.62-1.40) 0.71* (0.55-0.92) 0.72** (0.57-0.92)
35-44 1.24 (0.47-3.30) 0.78 (0.41-1.49) 0.55** (0.36-0.85) 0.62* (0.42-0.93) 0.63*** (0.49-0.80) 0.47*** (0.37-0.59)
45+ 0.57 (0.22-1.45) 0.45* (0.24-0.84) 0.47** (0.28-0.79) 0.50** (0.30-0.82) 0.50*** (0.37-0.67) 0.56*** (0.42-0.73)
Education             
Compulsory schooling 1   1   1   1   1   1  
Secondary school 1.03 (0.45-2.38) 1.53* (1.02-2.30) 0.45** (0.27-0.73) 0.56** (0.37-0.85) 1.03 (0.72-1.47) 1.03 (0.77-1.39)
College/university 1.53 (0.65-3.57) 1.00 (0.64-1.58) 0.32*** (0.19-0.55) 0.45** (0.28-0.72) 0.71 (0.49-1.03) 1.00 (0.72-1.37)
Physical activity             
Inactive 1   1   1   1   1   1  
Partly active 2.00* (1.04-3.85) 1.82** (1.23-2.68) 0.81 (0.51-1.26) 0.91 (0.62-1.33) 1.10 (0.84-1.44) 0.63*** (0.51-0.78)
Active 2.62** (1.37-5.02) 1.49* (1.02-2.19) 1.05 (0.67-1.64) 1.01 (0.69-1.49) 1.26 (0.96-1.66) 0.73** (0.58-0.91)
  1. * = p < .05; ** = p < .01, *** = p < .001; + = not enough cases to perform the calculation; OR = Odds ratios, CI = Confidence interval; Δ Normal weight = BMI 18.5 - <25, Underweight = BMI < 18.5, Overweight = BMI =25 - <30, Obese = BMI > =30.