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Table 4 Comparisons of smoking and drinking patterns across profiles: smoking plus heavy drinking versus others

From: A prospective cohort study of health behavior profiles after age 50 and mortality risk

  Cigarettes per day Years smoked Binge drinking, prior 3 months
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Health Behavior Profiles   a   a   a
Smoker, active, heavy drinker 14.1 (10.1) --- 38.5 (7.3) --- 16.3 (27.2) ---
Smoker, active, moderate drinker 10.7 (9.1) *** 36.6 (9.8)    
Smoker, active, non-drinker 12.5 (9.9)   37.8 (10.4)    
Non-smoker, active, heavy drinker      8.9 (19.7) ***
   b   b   b
Smoker, inactive, heavy drinker 16.3 (12.7) --- 40.6 (9.2) --- 16.7 (28.4) ---
Smoker, inactive, moderate drinker 11.7 (9.1) *** 39.6 (7.7)    
Smoker, inactive, non-drinker 11.7 (8.7) *** 41.0 (10.2)    
Non-smoker, inactive, heavy drinker      9.3 (20.7) ***
  1. *P ≤ .05; ** P ≤ .01; *** P ≤ .001.
  2. a Mean difference compared to the smoker, active, heavy drinker profile.
  3. b Mean difference compared to the smoker, inactive, heavy drinker profile.