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Table 2 Sociodemographic, medical and oral health characteristics by frailty status, elderly ≥70 years from Mexico City, 2009

From: Oral health conditions and frailty in Mexican community-dwelling elderly: a cross sectional analysis

Variable Scale Frailty (%) p OR 95% CI
No Yes Total
Age Mean (SD) 77.2 (5.9) 81.6 (6.6) 77.9 (6.3) <0.001   
Total 594 105 699    
Sex Male 287 (87.8) 40 (12.2) 327 0.053 1.52 0.99-2.33
Female 307 (82.5) 65 (17.5) 372    
Total 594 (85.0) 105 (15.0) 699    
MMSE 19-30 523 (87) 78 (13.0) 601 <0.001 2.55 1.54-4.22
≤18 71 (72.4) 27 (27.6) 98    
Total 594 (85.0) 105 (15.0) 699    
Urinary incontinence No 507 (88.9) 63 (11.1) 570 <0.001 3.49 2.18-5.59
Yes 83 (69.7) 36 (30.3) 119    
Total 590 99 689    
≥3 falls during the previous 12 months No 502 (85.8) 83 (14.2) 585 0.11 1.71 0.88-3.30
Yes 46 (78.0) 13 (22.0) 59    
Total 548 96 644    
Smoking No 282 (83.7) 55 (16.3) 337 0.35 0.82 0.52-1.25
Yes 312 (86.2) 50 (13.8) 362    
Total 594 105 699    
Hospitalization previous 12 months No 543 (87.0) 81 (13.0) 624 <0.001 3.15 1.84-5.41
Yes 51 (68.0) 24 (32.0) 75    
Total 594 105 699    
Myocardial infarction No 549 (85.9) 90 (14.1) 639 0.02 2.08 1.11-3.89
Yes 44 (74.6) 15 (25.4) 59    
Total 593 105 698    
Stroke No 580 (85.7) 97 (14.3) 677 0.003 3.68 1.49-9.11
Yes 13 (61.9) 8 (38.1) 21    
Total 593 105 698    
Hypertension No 254 (84.9) 45 (15.1) 299 1.00 1.00 0.66-1.52
Yes 333 (84.9) 59 (15.1) 392    
Total 587 104 691    
Diabetes No 466 (84.9) 83 (15.1) 549 0.80 .936 0.56-1.57
Yes 126 (85.7) 21 (14.3) 147    
Total 592 104 696    
Osteoporosis No 518 (87.2) 76 (12.8) 594 <0.001 2.57 1.54-4.28
Yes 69 (72.6) 26 (27.4) 95    
Total 587 102 689    
Arthritis No 510 (86.6) 79 (13.4) 589 0.005 2.02 1.23-3.34
Yes 83 (76.1) 26 (23.9) 109    
Total 593 105 698    
Utilization of dental services previous 12 months Yes 302 (88.3) 40 (11.7) 342 0.020 1.65 1.08-2.54
No 292 (82.0) 64 (18.0) 356    
Total 594 104 698    
Xerostomia No 342 (87.5) 49 (12.5) 391 0.038 1.55 1.02-2.35
Yes 252 (81.8) 56 (18.2) 308    
Total 594 105 699    
Chewing problems No 343 (88.9) 43 (11.1) 386 0.001 1.97 1.29-3.00
Yes 251 (80.2) 62 (19.8) 313    
Total 594 105 699    
Severe periodontitis No 443 (87.7) 62 (12.3) 505 0.29 1.54 0.69-3.47
Yes 37 (82.2) 8 (17.8) 45    
Total 480 70 550    
Utilization of RPD or CD No 185 (81.9) 41 (18.1) 226 0.19 0.75 0.48-1.16
Yes 349 (85.7) 58 (14.3) 407    
Total 534 99 633    
Functionality of RPD or CD Yes 117 (88.0) 16 (12.0) 133 0.37 1.32 0.71-2.45
No 232 (84.7) 42 (15.3) 274    
Total 349 58 407    
Number of medications used daily Mean (SD) 2.6 (1.9) 4.1 (2.8) 2.8 (2.2) <0.001   
Total 585 104 689    
Number of teeth present Mean (SD) 11.8 (9.2) 8.3 (8.6) 11.3 (9.2) <0.001   
Median 11 6 10    
Total 594 105 699    
Self-perception of oral health compared with others Better 275 (89.0) 34 (11.0) 309 0.006   
Same 237 (83.5) 47 (16.5) 284    
Worse 57 (75.0) 19 (25.0) 76    
Total 569 100 669    
Dental condition Complete Edentulism 114 (76.5) 35 (23.5) 149 0.003   
Partial Edentulism 420 (86.8) 64 (13.2) 484    
Dentate 60 (90.9) 6 (9.1) 66    
  Total 594 105 699    
  1. MMSE = Minimental State Examination; RPD = Removable Partial Denture; CD = Complete Denture.