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Table 2 Demographic Characteristics of Foreign-Born Hispanic Adults by Subgroups

From: Association of acculturation and country of origin with self-reported hypertension and diabetes in a heterogeneous Hispanic population

Foreign-Born Mexican Central American South American 2+ Hispanic Other Hispanic Non-Hispanic White
n 15, 658 2,759 759 413 399 10, 326
Age, Mean (SD) 40 (14) 42 (14) 46 (15) 44 (16) 52 (16) 53 (17)
% Demographics       
Female 48 52 57 44 51 52
Education       
 < High School 45 39 6 19 16 6
 High School/GED 42 39 32 41 32 26
 College 13 21 62 40 52 68
Poverty Level       
 0-99% FPL 40 35 19 23 17 8
 100-199% FPL 36 36 25 29 21 14
 200-299% FPL 12 12 17 16 13 13
 ≥300% FPL 12 17 39 32 49 65
Insurance       
 Private 40 42 60 58 51 68
 Medicare 2 2 6 5 17 15
 Medicaid 20 19 14 16 14 8
 Uninsured 38 37 21 21 19 9
Utilization of Care/year       
 No visits 30 27 17 24 16 17
 ≥1 to <11 visits 65 68 77 70 78 75
 ≥11 visits 5 5 6 5 6 7
% Clinical       
 BMI       
 Normal 47 50 61 64 61 63
 Overweight 32 28 27 22 23 26
 Obese 21 22 12 15 16 11
 Ever Smoke 30 25 39 39 37 46
 Hypertension 16 19 17 20 37 23
 Diabetes 9 9 5 8 10 6
% Acculturation       
 Speak English Not Well or Not At All 72 61 37 31 26 13
Years in US*       
 ≤1 – 4 12 12 14 9 6 11
 5 – 9 18 14 21 7 7 13
 10 – 14 14 12 12 9 4 9
 >15 56 62 54 75 82 68
Citizenship Status*       
 Naturalized 28 34 51 58 70 66
 Not a citizen 72 66 49 42 30 34
  1. All p values less than 0.05 compared to Non-Hispanic whites.
  2. *Years in US and citizenship status only asked to foreign-born adults.