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Table 2 Prevalence (%) and odds ratios (OR, 95% CI) in bivariate analyses of poor self-rated health according to age, country of birth, socioeconomic status (SES), emotional support, instrumental support, trust in other people (horizontal trust), daily smoking, alcohol consumption, and economic stress in childhood and adulthood. Men (n = 12,726) and women (n = 15,472). The public health survey in Skåne 2008

From: Economic stress in childhood and adulthood, and self-rated health: a population based study concerning risk accumulation, critical period and social mobility

  Men (n = 12,726) Women (n = 15,472)
  % OR(95%CI) % OR(95%CI)
Age     
18-24 13.7 1.00 21.2 1.00
25-34 15.2 1.12 (0.93-1.34) 20.0 0.93 (0.80-1.08)
35-44 20.4 1.60 (1.35-1.90) 24.3 1.19 (1.03-1.38)
45-54 31.6 2.89 (2.45-3.41) 30.2 1.60 (1.39-1.86)
55-64 35.8 3.49 (2.97-4.11) 38.6 2.33 (2.02-2.69)
65-80 40.5 4.27 (3.63-5.02) 44.5 2.98 (2.59-3.42)
(Missing) (250)   (396)  
Country of birth     
Sweden 25.7 1.00 28.1 1.00
Other country 32.1 1.37 (1.25-1.50) 36.8 1.49 (1.36-1.63)
(Missing) (456)   (616)  
Socioeconomic status     
Higher non-manual 14.2 1.00 14.5 1.00
Medium non-manual 13.2 0.91 (0.74-1.13) 16.8 1.20 (0.97-1.48)
Lower non-manual 22.3 1.72 (1.36-2.18) 22.3 1.70 (1.37-2.11)
Skilled manual 24.4 1.94 (1.60-2.36) 24.5 1.92 (1.54-2.38)
Unskilled manual 25.0 2.00 (1.65-2.42) 28.0 2.30 (1.87-2.82)
Self-employed/farmer 19.7 1.48 (1.19-1.83) 17.8 1.28 (0.97-1.70)
Early retired 81.4 26.11 (19.79-34.44) 83.8 30.44 (23.08-40.14)
Unemployed 42.3 4.40 (3.50-5.55) 41.8 4.24 (3.33-5.40)
Student 15.6 1.11 (0.88-1.40) 19.7 1.45 (1.16-1.82)
Old age pensioner 39.1 3.87 (3.25-4.61) 44.0 4.65 (3.84-5.63)
Unclassified 19.5 1.45 (1.16-1.83) 23.1 1.77 (1.37-2.30)
Long term sick leave 89.9 52.90 (28.67-97.60) 89.7 51.27 (30.92-85.04)
(Missing) (417)   (605)  
Emotional support     
High 20.8 1.00 23.4 1.00
Low 37.1 2.25 (2.08-2.43) 43.5 2.52 (2.33-2.72)
(Missing) (466)   (686)  
Instrumental support     
High 22.0 1.00 24.5 1.00
Low 39.1 2.28 (2.10-2.47) 45.3 2.55 (2.35-2.76)
(Missing) (473)   (665)  
Trust (horizontal)     
High 22.0 1.00 23.5 1.00
Low 34.0 1.82 (1.69-1.97) 38.4 2.02 (1.88-2.18)
(Missing) (706)   (1010)  
Daily smoking     
No 24.4 1.00 27.9 1.00
Yes 42.1 2.25 (2.03-2.48) 40.3 1.75 (1.59-1.93)
(Missing) (351)   (518)  
Alcohol consumption     
Non-risk 24.9 1.00 27.0 1.00
Risk-high risk 27.3 1.13 (1.03-1.25) 27.5 1.02 (0.89-1.16)
(Missing) (1541)   (2783)  
Economic stress in childhood     
No significant problem (1) 21.9 1.00 24.9 1.00
Less severe and/or shorter period (2) 31.8 1.66 (1.52-1.81) 35.7 1.67 (1.54-1.81)
Severe and/or longer period (3) 44.5 2.85 (2.53-3.22) 43.0 2.27 (2.02-2.56)
(Missing) (490)   (690)  
Economic stress in adulthood     
Never (1) 23.5 1.00 25.9 1.00
Occasionally (2) 32.4 1.56 (1.40-1.72) 34.1 1.48 (1.34-1.62)
Half the year (3) 45.5 2.71 (2.25-3.27) 44.4 2.28 (1.92-2.72)
Every month (3) 54.6 3.89 (3.26-4.65) 58.6 4.04 (3.43-4.76)
(Missing) (491)   (669)