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Table 1 Characteristics of the study cohort distributed by sex and migrant status on respectively 31.12.2007 (cause-specific mortality analysis) and 31.12.2008 (all-cause mortality analysis)

From: Inequalities in mortality among refugees and immigrants compared to native Danes – a historical prospective cohort study

Study cohort on 31.12.2007 Female refugees Danes Male refugees Danes Female immigrants Danes Male immigrants Danes
Regional of origin % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Asia 1.8 (238)   3.1 (509)   27.3 (4,996)   10.8 (955)  
East Europe 2.0 (258)   1.8 (297)   16.8 (3,100)   5.4 (481)  
Former Yugoslavia 57.2 (7,404)   49.2 (7,965)   5.7 (1,038)   9.8 (856)  
Iraq 11.3 (1,464)   19.5 (3,154)   6.5 (1,185)   2.0 (180)  
Middle East 10.3 (1,329)   10.0 (1,625)   27.8 (5,088)   47.3 (4,140)  
North Africa 15.7 (2,031)   14.5 (2,335)   9.8 (1,826)   15.0 (1,322)  
Sub-Saharan Africa 1.7 (225)   1.9 (305)   6.1 (1,121)   9.7 (846)  
Total 100 (12,949) 100 (51,796) 100 (16,190) 100 (64,760) 100 (18,354) 100 (73,416) 100 (8,780) 100 (35,118)
Sex 44.4 (12,949) 44.4 (51,796) 55.6 (16,190) 55.6 (64,760) 67.6 (18,354) 67.6 (73,416) 32.4 (8,780) 32.4 (35,118)
Median age at cohort closure 21.12.1999 % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Total deaths 3.7 (481) 4.7 (2,451) 4.0 (657) 5.2 (3,377) 0.9 (171) 1.9 (1,411) 1.6 (143) 3.3 (1,164)
Emigrations 13.6 (1,765) 3.8 (1,977) 14.3 (2,324) 5.0 (3,212) 17.6 (3,222) 6.0 (4,458) 22.9 (2,017) 6.6 (2,333)
Population at closure 31.12.2007 83.0 (10,703) 91.5 (47,368) 81.7 (13,209) 88.8 (58,171) 81.5 (14,961) 92.1 (67,547) 75.4 (6,620) 90.1 (31,621)
Events during follow-up till 31.12.2007 33.1 (26.5;42.9) 33.1 (26.5;42.9) 32.6 (26.4;41.0) 32.6 (26.4;41.0) 26.6 (22.2;33.1) 26.6 (22.2;33.1) 27.0 (23.4;32.5) 27.0 (23.4;32.4)
Median age at study end 31.12.2007 44.3 (37.1;54.2) 44.7 (37.7;54.5) 43.5 (37.0;52.2) 43.9 (37.6;52.4) 36.8 (32.1;43.4) 37.5 (32.8;44.1) 36.9 (32.8;42.2) 37.6 (33.8;43.3)
Median follow-up in years 12.1 (10.3;12.4) 12.1 (10.7;12.5) 11.9 (9.7;12.4) 12.1 (10.5;12.5) 10.6 (9.0;12.4) 10.9 (9.2;12.6) 10.5 (9.0;12.2) 10.8 (9.2;12.4)
Events during follow-up till 31.12.2008 % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n) % (n)
Total deaths 4.1 (523) 5.3 (2,738) 4.5 (724) 5.8 (3,744) 1.1 (194) 2.2 (1,583) 1.7 (155) 3.7 (1,273)
Emigrations 14.2 (1,844) 4.0 (2,056) 15.2 (2,456) 5.2 (3,374) 18.2 (3,341) 6.2 (4,617) 23.8 (2,087) 6.9 (2,438)
Population at study end 31.12.2008 81.7 (10,582) 90.7 (47,002) 80.3 (13,010) 89.0 (57,642) 80.7 (14,819) 91.6 (67,216) 74.5 (6,538) 89.4 (31,407)
Median age at study end 31.12.2008 45.2 (37.9;55.1) 45.7 (38.7;55.5) 44.4 (37.8;53.1) 44.9 (38.5;53.4) 37.6 (32.9;44.3) 38.5 (33.7;45.0) 37.7 (33.6;43.0) 38.7 (34.7;44.3)
Median follow-up in years 13.1 (11.2;13.4) 13.1 (10.4;13.4) 12.9 (10.6;13.4) 13.1 (11.4;13.5) 11.6 (9.9;13.3) 11.9 (10.2;13.5) 11.4 (9.9;13.2) 11.7 (10.2;13.4)