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Table 1 Mental health, SES and demographic characteristics of Aboriginal children aged 4–17 years in Western Australia a

From: Socioeconomic disparities in the mental health of Indigenous children in Western Australia

  Number % (95% CI)
Mental health status
Risk of clinically significant emotional or behavioural difficulties   
 Low risk 14800 64.6 (62.2–66.9)
 Moderate risk 2610 11.4 (10.3–12.6)
 High risk 5490 24.0 (21.9–26.1)
SES characteristics
Education: primary carer   
 13 or more years 1370 6.0 (4.6–7.6)
 Years 11-12 5080 22.2 (20.0–24.4)
 Year 10 9920 43.3 (40.7–46.0)
 Year 9 or lessb 5960 26.0 (23.7–28.4)
Occupationc   
 Managers and professionals 2910 13.0 (11.2–15.0)
 Tradespersons, clerical workers and labourers 8480 38.0 (35.4–40.7)
 Not employed 10900 49.0 (46.2–51.8)
Family financial strain   
 Can save a lot 1080 4.7 (3.5–6.2)
 Can save a bit 5780 25.3 (23.0–27.6)
 Some left over but spend it 3040 13.3 (11.5–15.3)
 Just enough to get by 10400 45.2 (42.6–47.9)
 Spending more than we get 2050 9.0 (7.5–10.6)
Housing tenure   
 Owned or being paid off 4800 21.0 (18.6–23.6)
 Renting 16600 72.3 (69.6–75.0)
 Other 960 4.2 (3.0–5.6)
Number of indicators of poor housing quality   
 None 6930 30.3 (27.7–32.9)
 One 6180 27.0 (24.7–29.3)
 Two 4950 21.6 (19.4–24.0)
 Three or more 4840 21.1 (18.9–23.6)
SEIFAd (quintiles)   
 Top (more advantaged) 120 0.5 (0.1–1.9)
 Third and fourth 3750 16.4 (13.1–20.0)
 First and second (less advantaged) 19000 83.1 (79.4–86.5)
IRISEOe (quintiles)   
 Top (more advantaged) 260 1.1 (0.4–2.3)
 Fourth 3660 16.0 (13.5–18.8)
 Third 7310 32.0 (28.9–35.2)
 Second 6580 28.8 (25.4–32.4)
 First (less advantaged) 5020 22.0 (18.5–25.7)
Demographics
Age (years)   
 4-11 13900 60.6 (58.6–62.5)
 12-17 9040 39.4 (37.5–41.4)
Sex   
 Male 11700 51.2 (49.3–53.1)
 Female 11200 48.8 (46.9–50.7)
Level of relative isolation   
 None 7830 34.2 (31.6–36.9)
 Low 5590 24.4 (21.8–27.1)
 Moderate 4680 20.4 (17.1–24.0)
 High 2550 11.2 (8.4–14.4)
 Extreme 2260 9.8 (7.1–13.0)
  1. a Numbers are weighted estimates of the population of Aboriginal children in each category, and have been rounded. Proportions are based on all Aboriginal children aged 4–17 years (N = 22900). The frequencies of missing responses have not been reported.
  2. b Includes those who had not attended an educational institution.
  3. c Highest occupational class of primary and secondary carers. Occupation categories have been dichotomised based on skill levels defined in the Australian Standard Classification of Occupations, second edition. ‘Managers and professionals’ include occupational skill levels 1 & 2. ‘Tradespersons, clerical workers and labourers’ include occupational skill levels 3–5.
  4. d Customised version of the index of relative socioeconomic disadvantage that forms part of the Australian Bureau of Statistics’ Socioeconomic Index for Areas (SEIFA) product. Quintiles were determined based on the distribution of values for all Australian CDs.
  5. e Biddle’s Index of Relative Indigenous Socioeconomic Outcomes. The index was derived using the characteristics of Aboriginal persons only and quintiles were determined based on the distribution of values for all Australian Indigenous Areas.