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Table 3 Deaths prevented or postponed by medical and surgical treatments in Syria in 2006

From: Explaining the increase in coronary heart disease mortality in Syria between 1996 and 2006

TREATMENTS Patients eligible Treatment uptake (%) CHD deaths prevented or postponed Proportion of overall deaths
    Best Estimate Minimum estimate Maximum estimate Prevented or postponed (%)
Acute myocardial infarction 18002   285 120 540 4.5%
 Hospital resuscitation   0.05 13 8 23 0.2%
 Aspirin alone   0.96 151 62 266 2.4%
 Thrombolytic alone   0.59 128 53 266 2.0%
 Beta blockers   0.82 29 12 59 0.5%
 ACE inhibitors   0.74 56 23 115 0.9%
 Treatments in 1996 subtracted    −92 −37 −191  
Secondary Prevention post infarction 78976   372 125 949 5.8%
 Aspirin   0.46 112 37 278 1.8%
 Beta blockers   0.47 125 41 310 2.0%
 ACE inhibitors   0.33 92 30 230 1.4%
 Statins   0.28 90 29 223 1.4%
 Warfarin   0.04 16 5 39 0.2%
 Rehabilitation   0.10 36 12 89 0.6%
 Treatments in 1996 subtracted    −97 −29 −219  
Secondary Prevention post revascularisation (5 years) 106517   65 22 164 1.0%
Angina    803 664 2124 12.6%
 CABG surgery (1997–2006) 106517 0.10 97 - - 1.5%
 Aspirin 319974 0.44 511 168 1273 8.0%
 Statins 319974 0.34 443 116 1322 6.9%
 Treatments in 1996 subtracted    −248 −75 −671  
Treatments for unstable angina 22877   150 92 403 2.3%
Heart Failure with Hospital admission 6927   84 25 223 1.3%
 ACE inhibitors   0.57 41 11 122 0.6%
 Beta blockers   0.22 22 6 67 0.4%
 Spironolactone   0.49 64 21 160 1.0%
 Aspirin   0.80 55 18 135 0.9%
 Treatments in 1996 subtracted    −99 −30 −262  
Heart failure in the community 52251   332 104 854 5.2%
 ACE inhibitors    112 29 327 1.8%
 Beta blockers    108 35 269 1.7%
 Spironolactone    226 74 563 3.6%
 Aspirin    97 32 240 1.5%
 Treatments in 1996 subtracted    −211 −66 −546  
Hypertension Treatments 863425   45 8 311 0.7%
Statins for Primary Prevention 307295   6 2 65 0.5%
Total treatment effects*    2145 1165 5630 33.7%
  1. * Numbers of category totals of deaths prevented or postponed were rounded to nearest 0 or 5, totals may therefore not always sum exactly.
  2. ACE, angiotensin-converting enzyme; CABG, coronary artery bypass graft surgery.