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Table 6 Distribution of mean micronutrient intake of men and women in Gondar, Ethiopia 2005

From: Nutritional status and dietary intake of urban residents in Gondar, Northwest Ethiopia

Nutrient RDA** All Men Women Difference between men and women
  Men, women (n = 356) (n = 101) (n = 255)  
Calcium (mg) 1000 a663.53 ± 271.04 808.62 ± 323.71 606.07 ± 223.00 0.000
   b613.56 (39.20-2471.10) 736.53 (189.90-2471.10) 563.65 (39.20-1426.01)  
   c90.4 82 (81.2) 240 (94.1)  
Phosphorus (mg) 700 1708.60 ± 1035.61 2340.67 ± 1487.01 1458.25 ± 637.66 0.000
   1436.15 (211.80-6542.52) 1736.89 (836.76-6542.52) 1327.42 (211.80-4875.87)  
   5 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 5 (2.0)  
Iron (mg) 8, 18 109.29 ± 68.94 138.27 ± 89.99 97.81 ± 54.65 0.000
   98.87 (4.08-879.31) 123.77 (27.79-879.31) 85.91 (4.08-345.03)  
   1 (0.3) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.4)  
Retinol (ug) 900, 700 22.75 ± 78.79 32.19 ± 102.97 19.01 ± 66.72 0.15
   0 (0–560) 0 (0–560) 0 (0–438)  
   100 (100.0) 101 (100.0) 255 (100.0)  
B-carotene (ug) - 226.20 ± 225.81 290.01 ± 277.53 200.93 ± 196.68 0.001
   159.00 (0–2332) 243.25 (0–2332) 137.80 (0–1168)  
Thiamin (mg) 1.2, 1.1 1.22 ± 1.06 1.81 ± 1.60 0.98 ± 0.61 0.000
   0.93 (.15-6.21) 1.11 (.39-6.22) 0.84 (.15-4.77)  
   260 (73.0) 60 (59.4) 200 (78.4)  
Riboflavin (mg) 1.3, 1.1 0.73 ± 0.30 0.84 ± .35 0.68 ± 0.26 0.000
   0.69 (.02-2.98) 0.79 (.05-2.98) 0.65 (.02-1.97)  
   329 (92.4) 91 (90.1) 238 (93.3)  
Niacin (mg) 16, 14 15.03 ± 20.31 26.28 ± 31.34 10.57 ± 10.94 0.000
   8.87 (1.33-114.09) 11.19 (3.74-114.09) 8.29 (1.33-80.58)  
   301 (86.2) 71 (70.3) 236 (92.5)  
Ascorbic acid (mg) 90, 75 24.10 ± 26.99 28.45 ± 28.00 22.38 ± 26.44 0.056
   15.17 (0–206.4) 20.90 (0.1-139.0) 14.64 (0–206.4)  
   340 (95.5) 96 (95.0) 244 (95.7)  
  1. a: mean ± SD, b: median (range), c: number (proportion) of subject with inadequate intake.
  2. **: recommended dietary allowances.