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Table 2 School descriptives and univariate analyses examining associations between school characteristics and students' time spent in PA

From: A multilevel examination of gender differences in the association between features of the school environment and physical activity among a sample of grades 9 to 12 students in Ontario, Canada

   Univariate analyses
  School Descriptives (N = 76) Females (N = 76, n = 10781) Males (N = 76, n = 10973)
School Characteristic % (N)/Mean (SD; Range) β (SE) p-value β (SE) p-value
School curriculum and instruction      
   Offer daily PE 72.4 (55) 7.82 (3.83) 0.0445 a 9.36 (4.95) 0.0629 a
   Offer intramurals 76.3 (58) -4.95 (3.98) 0.2177 a -4.61 (5.19) 0.3782
   Offer interschool sports 86.8 (66) 0.12 (5.38) 0.9816 4.02 (6.96) 0.5652
School built environment      
   Other room for PA 80.3 (61) 7.18 (4.48) 0.1132 a 8.20 (5.80) 0.1613 a
   Dance studio 36.8 (28) -1.71 (3.58) 0.6349 -2.82 (4.59) 0.5410
   Swimming pool 6.6 (5) 1.42 (7.06) 0.8410 5.47 (8.95) 0.5435
   Baseball diamond 36.8 (28) -1.89 (3.62) 0.6054 -2.87 (4.65) 0.5390
   Outdoor hoops 51.3 (39) -0.77 (3.50) 0.8265 -3.18 (4.47) 0.4795
   Tennis court 19.7 (15) -4.42 (4.31) 0.3089 -2.06 (5.54) 0.7110
   Paved area for games 46.1 (35) 1.09 (3.50) 0.7558 -4.27 (4.45) 0.3412
   Bicycle racks 82.9 (63) -2.76 (4.80) 0.5672 -0.67 (6.14) 0.9132
   Skating rink 7.9 (6) 5.75 (6.41) 0.3730 2.92 (8.27) 0.7246
   Running/walking track 86.8 (66) -0.16 (5.34) 0.9755 -1.11 (6.75) 0.8693
   School PA facilities index 5.4 (1.7, 1-10) 0.10 (1.02) 0.9199 0.68 (1.30) 0.6014
Neighbourhood built environment      
   Fast food outlets 2.8 (3.5, 0-15) -0.02 (0.50) 0.9685 -0.26 (0.64) 0.6817
   Recreation facilities 1.6 (2.5, 0-13) -0.55 (0.69) 0.4259 -0.69 (0.89) 0.4451
   Shopping malls 0.4 (0.8, 0-4) 2.44 (2.19) 0.2692 2.36 (2.82) 0.4060
   Parks 0.6 (1.4, 0-9) 2.13 (3.81) 0.5781 3.97 (4.84) 0.4145
   Street connectivity 148.9 (81.3, 0-360.0) -0.03 (0.02) 0.1634 a -0.04 (0.03) 0.1386 a
   Land-use mix diversity 0.5 (0.2, 0-0.8) -22.66 (10.60) 0.0355 a -11.38 (13.76) 0.4107
   Residential density 808.2 (778.2, 0.9-3906.0) 0.00 (0.00) 0.6825 0.00 (0.00) 0.2791
   Walkability index 0.2 (5.7; -18.8-12,4) -0.59 (0.28) 0.0352 a -0.45 (0.36) 0.2133 a
  1. Note: a p < 0.2
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